This TRIMIS Science for policy brief outlines how transport R&I contributes to the European Green Deal and the EU’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets.

While there has been improvements in the energy efficiency of vehicles, the transport sector continues to struggle to reduce its overall GHG emissions. EU Research Framework funding programmes have intensified both the number of R&I projects and actors in the areas of transport electrification and low-emission alternative energy for transport. However, despite significant spending on R&I, the market uptake of new transport technologies and alternative fuels is slow.

More effort is needed to speed up the transition to reduce overall transport GHG emissions and induce systemic changes. These are crucial to meet the objectives of the European Green Deal and GHG reduction targets.