The European Commission has recently launched the process of developing stricter emissions standards (post-Euro 6/VI) for all petrol and diesel cars, vans, lorries and buses. To ensure vehicles on European roads are clean over their lifetime, the proposed rules will consider new vehicle technologies and ensure emissions are measured on the road. The initiative is part of the European Green Deal and the European Union’s (EU) commitment to accelerate the shift to sustainable and smart mobility.
The main objective of this report is to contribute to the development of future European road vehicle emission standards by assessing the most relevant publicly funded research and innovation (R&I) projects and initiatives carried out in Europe after 2015. The assessment is largely based on the European Commission’s Transport Research and Information Monitoring and Information System (TRIMIS) methodology for monitoring the progress of the Strategic Transport Research and Innovation Agenda (STRIA) roadmaps and analyses technology trends and R&I capacities in the European transport sector. The report provides a brief overview of the evolution of EU road vehicle pollutant emissions standards, a review of the most recent relevant research conducted at the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC), and an analysis of publicly funded R&I projects in Europe addressing vehicle emissions, including a qualitative analysis and an assessment of the main conclusions. It concludes by summarising the main findings and providing recommendations to policy makers.