The current research and development (R&D) strategy is established in the Development of Science and Technology 2013-2020. The key objective of this planning document is to implement leading research programmes in universities, scientific organisations and state research centres. To achieve this, measures are to be put in place to provide institutional changes, optimise management and financing systems, and logistical development.
The key transport planning document in Russia is the Transport Strategy up to 2030 with a Forecast for the Period up to 2035. This document provides a comprehensive analysis of the present state of the Russian transport system and the challenges and opportunities that are expected to arise in the future. It also sets out long term goals and the measures that should be put in place to achieve these objectives. Transport research priorities are established as part of this process and include R&D activities in:
- Passenger rolling stock;
- High-speed passenger transport;
- Traffic safety;
- Urban Mobility.
The current programme for the development of the transport system sets goals up to 2035 as follows:
- Improve connectivity and transport accessibility of territories;
- Increase population mobility and domestic tourism;
- Boost the volume and speed of cargo transit and develop multimodal logistics technologies;
- Develop digital and low-carbon transformation of the industry;
- Accelerated introduction of new technologies.
The key principles of the current strategy are customer centricity, working on the basis of the Unified Backbone Transport Network (UBTN) and the Transport and Economic Balance (TEB), as well as accelerated digitalisation and breakthrough technological solutions.
Institutional framework of transport research
The Ministry of Science and Higher Education is responsible for drafting and implementing government policy and legal regulation in the field of higher education, science, research and development, and related innovation activities. The Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation is a federal executive authority in the transport industry, which carries out functions on elaborating state policy and normative-lawful regulation in the transport sector. The Ministry is supported by several agencies that provide reports to inform policy decision, strategies and research agenda:
- Federal Service for Supervision of Transport
- Federal Agency for Air Transport
- Federal Road Agency
- Federal Agency for Rail Transport
- Federal Agency for Sea and Inland Water Transport
Each mode of transport is funded by a relevant government programme.
Funding Sources and Support Initiatives
There are currently no known ongoing programmes.