Skip to main content
European Commission logo

Electric and Hydrogen Vehicles: How and Where Are They Going to Be Adopted?


The recognition of electric and hydrogen vehicles as potential breakthrough technologies is a fact. However, defining factors which matter towards the development of lead markets is less obvious. In a series of studies, the Joint Research Centre (JRC) recently revealed that infrastructure availability, privileged access to dedicated lanes, parking facilities, adapted city centres, commuting behaviour, environmental footprint, and fuel cost savings are key drivers towards market adoption.
In the same studies, the JRC also qualified Sweden, Finland and Austria as potential early-adopters of those technologies by 2030 and outlined two possible scenarios respectively envisaging a limited and a wider distribution of electric vehicles, particularly across Germany, the Netherlands, France, the UK, Ireland, and Italy.
More details are available on the JCR website.