The better the knowledge about the interrelations between the need for mobility, the generation of traffic and the consequences of traffic, the sounder will be the economic and political decisions taken on transport themes. Furthermore, initiatives to inform and educate about responsible traffic patterns will be more efficient.
For several causes of traffic generation, such as job related commuting, shopping, leisure-time and holiday traffic, the impacts differ widely. The more accurately these specific conditions can be considered, the more promising will be the options and alternatives for action, to be developed.
The principal aims of the MOBEV sub-programme are:
- to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the individual causes for traffic generation and the influencing factors of mobility patterns during leisure time;
- to overcome limitations in mobility and local traffic problems through trialing of new means and possibilities of leisure-time traffic organisation; and
- to gain a better understanding of the impacts of structural changes in economy and society, which presumably will result in shifts between transport modes and changes in habit of relevant user groups.
The funding rules described here refer to the 'Mobility and Transport' sector programme, which defines the procedures for all related sub-programmes.
Funding is provided for research and development as well as demonstration projects which aim to promote sustainable mobility and contribute to creating an efficient and safe transport system.
The most important ongoing funding activities include the lead projects for improving mobility in conurbations, which develop and demonstrate systems solutions for transport in big cities.
Furthermore funding is provided for project networks to increase the efficiency of freight traffic, to reduce environmental stress caused by traffic, particularly road traffic, and to increase road safety. As mobility and transport take place in a constantly changing social environment, relevant activities will include the interdisciplinary study of the social aspects of individual mobility.
All commercial and non-commercial institutions and individuals are eligible for funding. Depending upon the subject, these include in particular institutions of higher education, non-university research establishments and similar institutions, business enterprises, territorial authorities and associations. In some cases, calls for proposals are addressed to specific groups of potential applicants. The focus is on projects which involve co-operation by several partners who, in an interdisciplinary approach and on the basis of shared responsibility, develop highly innovative solutions for the above-mentioned funding activities and/or try to demonstrate their suitability for practical application and which, by involving or co-operating with science, industry and the planning sector, aim to ensure utilisation of the research results on the broadest possible scale.