The federal sustainable mobility programme was running for the period 1996-2001, as one of the specific programmes under the Scientific Plan for Sustainable Development Policy.
The authorities already had a number of instruments to regulate the transport sector. Measures have been taken across a range of areas:
- economic (fuel and road taxes,...);
- infrastructure (park-and-ride schemes, improved town centre public transport, pay-and-display parking,...);
- traffic flow (synchronised traffic lights, extended rush hours,...);
- business (transport plans, encouragement for teleworking,...).
There was a need to make all these measures form part of an integrated environmental policy endorsed by all those concerned and to underpin that policy by information and education.
It is obvious that the many measures already available, combined with the many existing and future disamenities, vastly complicate the problem of fashioning a coherent transport policy. Continued research was therefore essential.
The main programme has 5 thematic programmes, of which one is aimed at Sustainable Mobility.
The Sustainable Mobility programme aims to develop a scientific basis for a comprehensive analysis of:
- the transport/long-term sustainable development equation. This includes improving the understanding of the benefits and disbenefits of transport for individual well-being;
- what and how much damage it inflicts on society;
- the determinants of transport demand;
- the effectiveness and feasibility of a transport policy and monitoring system.
The concept of sustainable development must be translated into concrete policy measures. That means improving the understanding of all causal factors, identifying their interactions and positioning them within a long-term scenario.
The programme therefore focuses on
- frame transport policies;
- providing continuity of research into transport in Belgium;
- consolidating the international position of Belgian research.
The sustainable mobility programme extends the transport and mobility impetus programme, widening the scope of mobility to embrace environment and road safety aspects.
It centres on three strands:
- transport and environment,
- transport and road safety,
- transport and long-term mobility.
These three strands will be investigated using the OECD's pressure - impact - response model:
- IMPACTS - Relations between transport and sustainable development
- PRESSURES - Determinants of the medium- and long-term developments in transport, pollution and road safety in Belgium
- RESPONSES - An effective and reliable policy and management mix.
See below for projects covered by these three strands.
EUR 59.49m, of which EUR 7 762 662 for sustainable mobility
Office for Scientific, Tehnical and Cultural Affairs (OSTC)