The Ministry of Education University and Research co-finances research programmes of national relevance proposed by the universities. In the past there was the instrument called shortly '40%' where the Ministry funded 40% of the costs of projects proposed by universities. The '40%' instrument has been superseded by PRIN with similar objectives and funding arrangements.
To participate in the financing of research projects proposed by universities in the different disciplinary areas. Transport projects fall mainly under the Area 08 Civil Engineering and Architecture, Area 09 Industrial and Information Engineering, Area 13 Economic and Statistical Sciences.
Every year there has been a call. The present form covers the calls of 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005. A project is financed after an evaluation.
Every project has a national co-ordinator who carries management and co-ordination activities and as many local scientific responsible as the research units. The national co-ordinator is also engaged in research as local scientific responsible. There are two types of projects: intra-university if the research units operate in the same university, inter-university if the research units operate in different universities. Only a university Professor can act as national co-ordinator. Established university staff can act as local scientific responsible.
The funding from the Ministry is 50% of total cost for intra-university projects, is 70% of total costs for inter-university projects. The remaining costs are funded by the universities. If there are other administrations interested in the project the funding from the Ministry is reduced, while the funding from the universities is not changed.