Policy Research Centre for Traffic Safety
In 2001, the need for long-term policy-oriented research to support the activities of the Flemish Government became apparent. As a result, 12 Flemish Research Groups consisting of one or more universities or research organisations performing long-term research were established. The aim of these Research Groups is to provide scientific and research support to the Flemish government in the areas that are considered as priority in terms of policy making.
As one of the most important issues for the Flemish Government is road and traffic safety and the corresponding increase in mobility, the Policy Research Centre for Traffic Safety was set up, the first of its kind in Flanders.
The aim of Traffic Safety Research is to provide the Flemish Government with policy oriented research in the field of road and traffic safety, enabling the Flemish Government to make long term structural improvements to road and traffic safety.
The Policy Research Centre’s activities are:
- Collecting, analyzing and disseminating data (also on a longitudinal level)
- Carrying out scientific research concerning specific problems (short-term)
- Carrying out policy relevant scientific research which is relevant to the Flemish policy on a longer term
- Providing scientific support
The specific goals of the Policy Research Centre for Traffic Safety are:
- Data collection
- Short-term research on various policy matters
- More fundamental scientific research on the subject of traffic safety
Approximately 10 million EUR for the three generations of traffic safety research.
The most recent Policy Research Centre for Traffic Safety carried out research in 5 work packages:
- WP1: Data & Indicators
- WP2: Risk analysis
- WP3: Human behaviour in relation to system components vehicle-environment
- WP4: Development of road safety measures
- WP5: Ranking and evaluation of measures
WP1: Data & Indicators
This work package consists of the collection, analysis and dissemination of data and indicators concerning traffic safety. These analyses will be used to develop a road safety monitor for Flanders and to publish a yearly road safety report.
WP2: Risk analysis
This work package focuses on the analysis of registered data. In addition to the study of accidents and exposure data, characteristics of the road infrastructure and spatial elements are also analysed.
WP3: Human behaviour in relation to system components vehicle-enironment
In this work package the focus is on the idea that road accidents are considered to be the result of a failure in one or more elements (driver, environment, vehicle) of the road system. Innovative solutions are explored for each of the three dimensions.
WP4: Development of road safety measures
The focus in this work package is on technological and educational strategies that might intrinsically motivate drivers to behave safely. More specifically three different approaches with respect to behaviour influencing will be investigated, namely simulator-based training, in-vehicle technology and road design & infrastructure.
WP5: Ranking and evaluation of measures
The aim of this work package is to evaluate various traffic safety policies and to provide a ranking of publicly acceptable measures. The goal is to meet the traffic safety targets of the Flemish government, while ensuring that the available resources are used in the best possible way.