The sustainable development of transport has to be achieved by means of closed systems in order to minimise the use of materials and energy consumption which are necessary for the transportation of passengers and freight. Traffic emissions (air pollutants and noise) must not lead to unacceptable adverse effects on the health of the population. The accumulation of pollutants in the environment and their negative effects on soil, water and climate must be avoided.
The central objective of the research initiative entitled "Towards Minimal Emissions" (Auf dem Weg zur Minimalemission) is to further mitigate the strained relationship between transport, ecology, and the economy. This initiative funds research dedicated to reducing the level of emissions into the environment through technical innovations for conventional drive systems as well as through the development of alternative propulsion systems and fuels - including "post-fossil" forms of energy.
The funding rules described here refer to the 'Mobility and Transport' sector programme, which defines the procedures for all related sub-programmes.
Funding is provided for research and development as well as demonstration projects which aim to promote sustainable mobility and contribute to creating an efficient and safe transport system.
The most important ongoing funding activities include the lead projects for improving mobility in conurbations, which develop and demonstrate systems solutions for transport in big cities.
Furthermore funding is provided for project networks to increase the efficiency of freight traffic, to reduce environmental stress caused by traffic, particularly road traffic, and to increase road safety. As mobility and transport take place in a constantly changing social environment, relevant activities will include the interdisciplinary study of the social aspects of individual mobility.
All commercial and non-commercial institutions and individuals are eligible for funding. Depending upon the subject, these include in particular institutions of higher education, non-university research establishments and similar institutions, business enterprises, territorial authorities and associations. In some cases, calls for proposals are addressed to specific groups of potential applicants. The focus is on projects which involve co-operation by several partners who, in an interdisciplinary approach and on the basis of shared responsibility, develop highly innovative solutions for the above-mentioned funding activities and/or try to demonstrate their suitability for practical application and which, by involving or co-operating with science, industry and the planning sector, aim to ensure utilisation of the research results on the broadest possible scale.
(Projektträger Mobilität und Verkehr, Bauen und Wohnen des BMBF; PT MVBW)