Alternative transport fuels such as methane, liquid petroleum gas, compressed natural gas, liquid nitrogen gas, synthetic paraffinic fuels, alcohols and ethers and esters pose a number of technical challenges in terms of their provision and use.
Despite rapid progress in electrification, aviation, waterborne and heavy duty vehicles will continue to rely on liquid fuels for the foreseeable future. In terms of volume, biofuels represent the main alternative to fossil fuels in internal combustion engines.
Research and innovation actions are needed to examine how alternative fuels are produced, distributed and used in the design and development of new powertrains.
The development and deployment of alternative fuels is key to the decarbonisation of the European transport sector and attaining a 60 per cent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2050.
The Strategic Transport Research and Innovation Agenda (STRIA) Roadmap for Low-emission Alternative Energy for Transport focuses on renewable fuels production, alternative fuel infrastructures as well as the impact on transport systems and services of these technologies for road, rail, waterborne transport and aviation.