Railway authorities normally utilise some kind of train protection system apart from the normal signal system, to be able to run trains safely. These are more or less tolerant to driver mistakes and are called Automatic Train Protection (ATP) systems. They consist of equipment mounted along the wayside, i.e. the tracks, and equipment mounted onboard each locomotive. Some railway authorities such as the ROMANIAN STATE RAILWAYS (SNCFR), currently have an old ATP system type INDUSI 1.60.
The aim is to apply this technology to the local conditions, starting with ROMANIA and SNCFR (the Romanian National Railway). In order to certify the equipment for use in ROMANIA, a certification procedure needs to be supported by the project.
The purpose of the this project was to prepare for the modernisation of the present ATP onboard system which offers an opportunity to replace both the present wayside and onboard system with new equipment. Such a replacement must have not been instigated on all tracks and trains at the same time, but the railway authority could have decided the speed at which to migrate towards the modern ATP system. The project involved adaptation of an interface unit suitable as a European standard or a system with lower functionality, allowing modern onboard ATP equipment to utilise the information from the present wayside equipment.