Emissions from transport are an important and often dominant source of air pollution with direct and indirect negative impacts in particular on human health. At the same time, transport also contributes significantly to greenhouse gases emissions, which should be reduced as agreed in the Kyoto protocol and in the Paris Agreement. It is therefore a widely accepted and undisputed objective to reduce pollutant and greenhouse gas emissions by appropriate ways and means.
The objective of the study was to determine emission factors of harmful air pollutants and CO2 from non-road transport modes in France.
The project was divided into two macro-tasks:
- State-of-the-art of current methods for calculating emissions from non-road transport. The analysis was carried out in particular through the results of work packages 700, 800 and 900 dealing with rail, air and seaborne transport.
- Application of these methods to the French national inventory.
The ARTEMIS project contributed to improve and update the European emission inventory tools, as well as to develop a harmonised approach, common to all European countries, by avoiding the former situation where several models were concurrent and gave different outputs for the same situation. However, this objective was only partially achieved: the ARTEMIS model provided a series of models for distinct situations.