The EU targets a 20% reduction in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2020. Emissions have been reduced in all main sectors except transport, which produced some 20% of EU-15 emissions. More than 90% of total EU domestic transport emissions come from road transport. In Stockholm, urban goods distribution trucks account for almost half of the environmental impact of road traffic, despite comprising only 10% of the total traffic movements. The pattern is similar in all EU cities, where urban goods distribution tends to take place using trucks running on fossil fuels. Urban goods distribution trucks also affect public health and quality of life for the majority of EU citizens in urban communities through noise pollution and production of breathable particulate matter.
The primary objective of the CLEANTRUCK project is to demonstrate the commercial and technical viability of alternative fuels and new technologies for goods distribution vehicles. It thus aims to reduce the overall impact of this sector on GHG emissions and other forms of pollution. CLEANTRUCK will construct: filling pumps for the alternative fuels ethanol ED95 and biomethane; filling stations for CO2 for use as a refrigerant which will reduce the use of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) that are 1 300 times more potent as a greenhouse gas; and mobile stations for N2 to inflate tyres. These will be installed at existing stations based in industrial areas used by clusters of interested companies. The project will also facilitate the procurement of 30 ethanol ED95 trucks, 30 dual-fuel trucks and 20 electric-hybrid trucks by private distribution companies. It will use a tested funding model offering a rebate of up to 50% for each vehicle purchased. The project will further support these innovations by training around 100 drivers in ‘Heavy Eco-Driving.’ Monitoring and evaluation of data will occur throughout the project. Providing these economically viable solutions to transporters is expected to achieve annual reductions of:
- CO2 emissions by 1 500 tonnes;
- NOx production by 17 tonnes;
- Noise pollution;
- Generation of the breathable fraction of fine particles (up to 2.5 μm) by 240 kg
The project will provide inspiration for other cities to implement similar programmes and innovations and these will be targeted by dissemination actions. This should further reduce the climate impact of urban goods distribution and stimulate the market for alternative fuels.