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Clean European rail - diesel

PROJECTS
Funding
European
European Union
Duration
-
Status
Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Other
Total project cost
€12 924 840
EU Contribution
€7 787 411
Project website
Project Acronym
CLEANER-D
STRIA Roadmaps
Vehicle design and manufacturing (VDM)
Transport mode
Rail icon
Transport policies
Environmental/Emissions aspects,
Decarbonisation
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport

Overview

Call for proposal
FP7-SST-2008-RTD-1
Link to CORDIS
Background & Policy context

A study by CER, UNIFE, UIC and Euromot regarding the railway and engine manufacturing industries concluded that there was a risk of disruptive effect of the NRMM Directive application on the railway diesel vehicle supply market. This leads to a possible risk of a partial modal shift from rail to road on regional passenger lines and freight transportation specialised routes, with foreseeable consequences on the operations of the main electrified system. Such a shift would of course be highly detrimental to the achievement of the general objectives of a sustainable development of the European transport system.

Objectives

Clean European Rail-Diesel (CleanER-D) was a project that aimed to develop, improve and integrate emissions reduction technologies for diesel locomotives and rail vehicles. Its target was to achieve emission levels below the limits established by the new European Directive 2004/26/EC and to evaluate innovative and hybrid solutions for the best possible contribution to reductions in CO2 emissions.

The project aimed at finding the best balance between environmental and economical requirements, in order to avoid an always possible shift from rail transport to a less sustainable mode like road. Even on electrified main routes, the engine industry need to be encouraged to give rail applications serious consideration in their product development plans and provide the European Commission with proposals for a flexible move to the IIIB objective.

The CleanER-D project offers competitive rail vehicles in order to avoid a modal shift from rail to road, and evaluates different solutions to fulfil the IIIB emission limits on rail vehicles.

Methodology

The project was built on several application sub-projects, representative of the different engine applications: rail cars, Diesel Multiple Units, shunting locomotives, main line light and heavy-haul locomotives. These applications will enable the industry to evaluate the different solutions to be applied to rail systems in real operating conditions.

The optimum trade-off between the reduction of pollutant emissions by rail vehicles and the fuel energy consumption and CO2 emissions, as well as the overall impact of the applied technologies on the environment through a life cycle assessment approach, will be identified by this experimental part of the project.

The project encourages the rail manufacturing industry to foster development of rail specific applications of innovative solutions, so as to even further develop the competitive advantages of rail transport in terms of sustainable development.

Funding

Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
The European Commission
Type of funding
Public (EU)

Results

As a first step a generic system requirement specification for the different vehicle types was drafted based on the input of each demonstration project. This was followed by the analysis of the design and development phase of the rail vehicle developments.
This phase was divided into 3 main milestones:
• Finalise emission technology
• Finalise consept design
• Freeze engine and vehicle package

The first phase focused on the engine technology path followed by the engine manufactures and explained the in-engine technology and new aftertreatment systems which had to be specifically developed for each individual vehicle due to the low emissions limit set by the stage IIIB requirements.

In the project, two different ways of lowering exhaust emissions were implemented; while all engines use a Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF), some reduce NOx emissions inside the engine by means of Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) and others have opted for reducing NOx using Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) exhaust after-treatment.

Due to its larger NOx emission reduction capability, SCR has been the option for the smaller railcar engines, which have to comply with a 2.0 g/kWh NOx limit, but also for the US market, for the larger engines complying with EPA Tier4. This technology requires the vehicle to carry an additional consumable fluid (aqueous urea solution) as a reagent for the NOx reduction.

On the other hand, EGR has been the option for the larger locomotive engines which have to comply with a 4.0 g/kWh NOx limit. Although this path does not provide potential for much further emission reductions, it avoids the need for a second consumable fluid in the vehicle, and thus allows for a larger operational flexibility of the locomotives and does not require operators to special investments make in infrastructure for distribution and supply of such second fluid.

The next phase was in charge of the monitoring of the design and the design modifications to install the emission reducing engine and its aftertreatment systems. The main emphases were on the engine compartment, the cooling system and other vehicle interfaces with the engine.

Due to the new engine package, each vehicle builder faced weight and space constrains. These challenges were solved by modified vehicle design and by using practical solutions for the cooling system or for the space restrictions. In some cases the original

Strategy targets

Innovating for the future: technology and behaviour:

  • Promoting more sustainable development

Partners

Lead Organisation
Organisation
European Union Road Federation
Address
Avenue Louise 106, 1050 BRUXELLES, Belgium
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€598 869
Partner Organisations
Organisation
Voith Turbo Gmbh & Co Kg
Address
Alexanderstrasse 2, 89522 Heidenheim, Germany
EU Contribution
€102 683
Organisation
Deutsche Bahn Ag
Address
Postdamer Platz 2, 10785 BERLIN, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€547 282
Organisation
The Engine Consultancy Limited
Address
Westwood Avenue 37, Altrincham, WA15 6QF, United Kingdom
EU Contribution
€327 600
Organisation
Ethniko Kentro Erevnas Kai Technologikis Anaptyxis
Address
Charilaou Thermi Road, 57001 Thermi Thessaloniki, Greece
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€227 526
Organisation
Sncf Mobilites
Address
9 RUE JEAN-PHILIPPE RAMEAU, 93200 ST DENIS, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€200 146
Organisation
Union International Des Chemins De Fer
Address
16 rue Jean Rey, 75015 PARIS, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€335 929
Organisation
Continental Rail S.a.
Address
Calle Orense 11-2, 28020 Madrid, Spain
EU Contribution
€1 569
Organisation
Stadler Rail Valencia Sau
Address
C/ Mitxera 6, 46550 Albuixech, Spain
EU Contribution
€504 317
Organisation
Trenitalia Cargo S.p.a.
Address
Piazza della Croce Rossa, 1, 00161 ROMA, Italy
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€134 712
Organisation
The University Of Newcastle Upon Tyne
Address
Kensington Terrace 6, NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE, NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€516 198
Organisation
Rina Consulting Spa
Address
VIA SAN NAZARO 19, 16145 GENOVA, Italy
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€552 289
Organisation
Izt Institut Fuer Zukunftsstudien Und Technologiebewertung Gemeinnutzige Gmbh
Address
Schopenhauerstrasse 26, 14129 Berlin, Germany
EU Contribution
€356 678
Organisation
Consiglio Nazionale Delle Ricerche
Address
Piazzale Aldo Moro, 185 Roma, Italy
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€173 558
Organisation
Caterpillar Sarl
Address
Route De Frontenex 76, 1208 Geneva, Switzerland
EU Contribution
€406 565
Organisation
Mtu Friedrichshafen Gmbh
Address
Maybachplatz 1, 88045 Friedrichshafen, Germany
EU Contribution
€990 971
Organisation
Ceske Drahy, A.s. (Czech Railways, Joint Stock Company)
Address
nabrezi Ludvika Svobody 1222/12, 11015 PRAHA 1, Czechia
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€22 877
Organisation
Hochschule Fuer Technik Und Wirtschaft Dresden
Address
Friedrich-List-Platz 1, DN/A01069 Dresden, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€74 550
Organisation
Bombardier Transportation Gmbh
Address
Schoneberger Ufer 1, 10785 Berlin, Germany
EU Contribution
€211 802
Organisation
Universitat Politecnica De Valencia
Address
Camino De Vera S/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€92 705
Organisation
Universitaet Rostock
Address
Universitaetsplatz 1, 18051 Rostock, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€168 000
Organisation
Tedom A.s.
Address
Vycapy 195, 67401 Trebic, Czechia
EU Contribution
€183 279
Organisation
Alstom Transport Sa
Address
48 RUE ALBERT DHALENNE, 93400 SAINT OUEN, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€180 105
Organisation
Siemens Ag
Address
SIEMENSSTRASSE, 93026 REGENSBURG, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€551 767
Organisation
Saft
Address
26 QUAI CHARLES PASQUA, 92300 LEVALLOIS PERRET, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€110 804
Organisation
Chalmers Tekniska Hoegskola Ab
Address
41296 GOTHENBURG, Sweden
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€118 962
Organisation
Association Of Train Operating Companies
Address
Bernard Street 40, London, WC1 N1BY, United Kingdom
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€95 670

Technologies

Technology Theme
Energy efficiency
Technology
Energy efficient information systems
Development phase
Research/Invention

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