The "Clean Sky" Joint Technology Initiative (JTI) aimed at realising a quantum leap in the technological capability of Europe to produce aircraft that satisfy environmental needs and are economically viable. To facilitate the early start-up of the JTI and ensure a rapid transition into full operational readiness, Coordination and Support Action (CSA) was set up.
The objective of the CSSA (Clean Sky Support Action) programme was to develop the overall scheme for the project implementation. This scheme included technical, governance, operational, communication and management issues that were to be clarified and defined in detail to lay down the basis for future operational readiness.
Technical content was examined and developed to provide an in-depth Work Breakdown Structure with detailed responsibilities and to identify any gaps and overlaps. The Governance Structure, the legal entity responsible for "Clean Sky " activities, was drawn up in collaboration with the EC lawyer. A scheme with time-scales and procedures was laid down for the implementation of the Call for Proposals and Call for Tenders. Both internal and external communication processes were elaborated.
The external communication strategy was important for the full visibility of the Clean Sky activities. This included developing a website, a communication pack, a newsletter, a leaflet and organising a mobilising event about Clean Sky. Lastly, the management team structure was planned, including a description of individual profiles for the future staff.
Major achievements of the Clean Sky project so far, can be summarised as follows:
- Completion of detailed design activities for the High Speed Demonstrator Passive(HSDP);
- Completion of the CROR feasibility study;
- Preliminary Design Review for CROR-engine demonstrator Flying Test Bed (CROR demo-FTB);
- Start of manufacturing for the High Speed Demonstrator Passive;
- Conduction of the Critical Design Review for the High Speed Demonstrator Passive;
- Conduction of a wind tunnel test for the low speed handling quality as part of the flight clearance process for the HSDP;
- Conduction of a major wind tunnel test to select a CROR engine blade target design;
- Completion of the smart wing leading edge structural feature demonstrator, preparation for testing;
- Initiation of two Ground Tests to prepare the Low Speed Demonstrator;
- Conduction of wind tunnel tests with concepts for the integration of innovative engines in Business Jets;
- Wind tunnel tests with 2.5D active flow control high performance high lift concepts for laminar wings.
- In flight testing of surface coatings for laminar wings;
- Completion of the set of concept aircraft models for evaluation of SFWA technologies.
The innovative nature of the Clean Sky project was illustrated by the six Integrated Technology Demonstrators, that covered the broad range of RT work: aircraft - fixed wing and rotorcraft, engines, systems and eco-design concepts able to deliver more environmentally friendly aircraft production and operations. The six ITDs form a whole and the Joint Undertaking was structured in the most efficient way, allowing both the full coverage of all areas of RT work while ensuring a high degree of efficiency in the management of the technical activities. The six ITDs consisted of:
- SMART Fixed Wing Aircraft - SFWA;
- Green Regional Aircraft - GRA;
- Green Rotorcraft - GRC;
- Sustainable and Green Engines - SAGE;
- Systems for Green Operations - SGO;
- Eco-Design - ECO.
An additional simulation network called the Technology Evaluator also assessed the performance of the technologies that were developed.
2. Innovative for the future: technology and behaviour:
2.2. Promoting more sustainable development.
The Clean Sky 2 program building on the success of Clean Sky will contribute to the goals and objectives defined in Horizon 2020.