Nitrogen dioxide (NO2), particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) are currently the main air pollutants in European cities. Many cities in the EU, including in Austria, are currently unable to meet the Union's limits for PM10 (40 μg/m³ annual mean value) and NO2 (40 μg/m3 as a mean annual value). In Austria, the maximum allowable readings will be lowered from 35 μg/m3 to 30 μg/m3 from 2012.
An earlier LIFE project, KAPA GS, identified the sources of air pollution in Klagenfurt and defined a series of remediation measures. Traffic was identified as the main polluter, accounting for more than 70% of NO2 emissions. Whilst significant improvements in PM10 levels have been achieved in recent years, no downward trend has been observed for NO2. With traffic volume set to continue to increase in the coming years, nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions are expected to remain high.
In cities of the size of Klagenfurt, surveys show that noise pollution affects 60% of the population. Some 70% of this noise is generated by traffic. Electric cars create almost no noise, so replacing petrol and diesel cars with electric vehicles will help to reduce noise pollution as well as having a positive impact on the environment and public health.
The aim of the project is to significantly reduce air pollution (PM10, PM2,5, NOx) and CO2 emissions in the city centre of Klagenfurt by increasing the share of electric vehicles to 10% of all new registrations.
The project will purchase 64 electric vehicles, which will be made available to the public in order to encourage the acquisition of a further 1 500 electric vehicles by the end of the project in 2015. These vehicles will produce zero emissions as the electric energy will come from renewable sources. A total of 100 electric charging stations will be installed (50 provided by the public sector and 50 from the private sector).
- The establishment of future scenarios for air pollution, CO2-emissions, noise and clean urban transport;
- Lifecycle analysis and carbon footprinting of electric vehicles;
- The development of three public/private partnership (PPP) models for private use of electric vehicles;
- Emissions reductions of 1 900 tonnes of CO2, 6.0 tonnes of NOx and 0.25 tonnes of PM per year;
- NO2-levels in Klagenfurt to fall below 40 μg/m3 (annual mean); and
- Klagenfurt to become a test region for new electric vehicles.