Technological innovations are the new hopes of industrial societies to ensure a socially and environmentally responsible development in the future. They are also an important tool to ensure a sustainable development, which is ascribed a guiding function in scientific and political discussions. Especially in the transport
area impactful contributions are expected from innovative concepts of this
guiding principle. Such a development cannot occur automatically but only, as
the experiences of successful pilot projects show, can be the result of
intensive controlling efforts of the application of new technologies and the
services based on them. Foremost, the application of information and
communications technologies leads to higher efficiencies in transport and
enlarges the controlling possibilities of the traffic and mobility management
significantly. These new technologies allow the introduction of new services,
the so-called telematics services, which are expected to represent a
significant market potential. Also classical controlling tools like pricing
measures can be applied more flexibly, user-friendly and efficiently as before
via information and communications technologies.
Experiences of other countries with different economic and social frameworks
and cultural preconditions represent an important empirical foundation for the
introduction of new technologies and services in the mobility industry.
The goal of the project was the identification of conditions for successful innovation strategies for metropolitan traffic based on cases from abroad. Only those cases were considered that can foster a “sustainable development” of traffic. Core of the project was the analysis whether the success factors identified in the examination of the foreign cases are transferable against the background of the German environment to Germany. The results are supposed to contribute to the improvement of decision criteria for research, traffic and environmental
policies and illustrate state of the art development opportunities for
associations and innovative industrial organizations.
The thesis that not only primary conditions like the present scientific and technological level of development of a country but also so-called secondary conditions like the superordinate societal and public environment are essential represented the starting point of this project.
Firstly, to be able to identify success factors suitable cases were monitored and selected. These include supranational EU-projects, projects of certain European countries, the USA and Japan.
The next step was to analyze the identified cases thoroughly. For this purpose expert interviews were conducted with relevant persons of the respective countries.
The last step was about examining the potential transferability of success factors or success models against the background of the German environment to Germany. Therefore, expert interviews were conducted with German experts.
ITAS generally focused on new technologies and services based on state of the art information and communications technologies for the realization of information and transport organizational measures.
The focus of the DIW Berlin was especially price political measures with a geographical focus towards Great Britain, the Netherlands, Norway and Sweden.
The interpretation of the conditions of the transferability was not about a direct implementation into the German transport sector but rather the identification and discussion of some success factors of chosen projects taking into account the present environmental conditions of Germany.
Against this background the projects “The multi modular traveler information system Trips123” because of its successful learning process regarding the collaboration of private and public institutions, the project “Traffic information and controlling system VICS in Japan” because of its fruitful cooperation of above 90 companies under federal supervision, the project “Mobility CarSharing Switzerland” representing an innovative mobility service and the project “National ITS-architecture of the USA” as an example of new technologies and services on a project basis in a federal state system following an overall core model were given paramount attention.
The extent of urban traffic problems, the intensity of local administrations favoring usage fees for streets, the existence of regulatory and administrator frameworks, the availability of public transport, the degree of a financial burden for which income group, the clear definition of goals, the purposeful usage of income for the improvement of the transport system, an easily understandable registration and settlement system, the guaranty of data protection and the preservation of privacy, a gradual introduction for instance at first for recently constructed streets, generally marketing and communication as well as a charismatic politician as a figurehead and a cross-party consensus were identified as success factors for price political models.
In general, so far no revolutionary breakthroughs could be achieved through traffic telematics. Increases in the efficiency of traffic are an evolutionary process through the implementation of state of the art services and technologies.
Findings of the study are published in detail by a final report (German only) which is available online via