For the management of parking facilities, various concepts relating to allocation of the range of beneficiaries, parking time control and charging system (charging structure and way of charging) are known. Together, they form the so-called parking regime. All these concepts have their advantages and disadvantages, which must be assessed carefully in each local context.
The crucial objective of the project is a collection of a systematic comparative view of Parking-Management-Systems and elaboration of a guideline for an adequate judgement of advantages and disadvantages.
The project activities will be provided in following stages:
- State of research
- Concept of parking management
- Impact and application range of parking management.
- Individualisation vs. Standardisation
Several concepts of managing parking facilities are known. All these concepts have advantages and disadvantages which need to be analysed in their local context. Based on the Swiss Standard Base Norm ’’Parking SN 640 280“, the present research offers a scheme of different management concepts and a matrix for judging their advantages and disadvantages and their traffic related results, especially with respect to the modal split.
The main point of research deals with the parking system encompassing the following areas
1. Assignment of parking to entitled users
2. Regulation of parking duration
3. Regulation of fees (structure of parking charges).
The future Norm 'Management of Parking' belongs between the Swiss Norm 'Parking Supply' SN 640 281, which regulates supply in relation to use, and the Norm „Trip Generation“ (SN 640 283), which determines the probable trip generation. The new norm describes how the parking system can influence both parameters – vehicular trip generation as well as demand for parking spaces.
In this connection, the management of parking facilities serves as an important element for influencing traffic. In a specific case, the effect of the management is also heavily determined by the given environment and the specifics of supply and demand.
Depending on the combination of these elements, contradictory effects can develop too.