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Composition Of Mobile Pre-trip On-trip Services

European Union
Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Project Acronym
STRIA Roadmaps
Connected and automated transport (CAT)
Network and traffic management systems (NTM)
Transport mode
Multimodal icon
Transport policies
Societal/Economic issues
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport


Background & Policy context

Service systems have often been restricted to one application and/or operator, which creates difficulties from the service-access standpoint. The key innovative element of COMPOSE is overcoming obstacles connected to proprietary systems and solutions, by designing a novel system based upon open standards interfaces/protocols and easy-to-use User Terminals, and conceived for the integration of a wide range of info-mobility services provided through a single access point.


The objectives of the COMPOSE project were:

  1. definition, study, and specification of an advanced service scenario and the relevant system architecture;
  2. demonstration of the above service scenario by way of an innovative telecommunication infrastructure;
  3. development of ad hoc mobile user terminal as part of the COMPOSE Demonstrator;
  4. development of specialised 3D application that will be used for service demonstrations;
  5. development of the Service Centre of the COMPOSE Demonstrator;
  6. execution of trial campaign;
  7. elaboration of market perspectives analysis;
  8. dissemination of achieved results, to support concertation actions and to contribute in the standardisation process;
  9. development of the applications for the deployment of COMPOSE services. These services are grouped into pre-trip, in-car and last-mile services.

The COMPOSE methodology encompassed the following activities:

  • User Analysis and Identification of Info-Mobility Services
    Identification of the value-added infomobility services adequate to fulfil user needs and technical and economic requirements.
  • Demonstrator System & Services Requirements Definition
    Identification and definition of infomobility services for travellers tailored to user needs, technology (positioning and communication), and business constraints in terms of functional modules architecture, service Value Chain, M-Commerce, and M-Work.
  • Demonstrator Design & Development

    Real test bed, built up by exploiting existing facilities and performing new developments where required, for validating the technical feasibility of the target system.
  • Trial Campaign & Result Evaluation

    Trials carried out in the field, for proving the realised Demonstrator and validating user benefits and acceptance, and market opportunities of the provided services.
  • Market Study, Cost/Benefit Analysis & Business Model Identification
    Market and business analyses for the COMPOSE solution, focused on two target customer profiles: consumer market and professional users. A preliminary market and cost analysis was conducted at the beginning of the project in parallel with the User Analysis and Identification of Info-Mobility Services to identify value-added info-mobility services adequate to fulfil not only user needs and technical requirements but also economic requirements.
  • Project Dissemination Activities and Exploitation of Results

    Concertation with related projects/Clusters/Thematic Networks, Dissemination and Exploitation of Results, Contribution to relevant Standardisation.
  • Project Coordination

    Technical Coordination, Team and Activity Coordination, Program Coordination.


Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
European Comission, DG Information Society
Type of funding
Public (EU)


The main results of the COMPOSE project are:

  1. COMPOSE demonstrated an innovative mobile service package for travellers based on the integration of different components: pre-trip, on-trip, location-based services and satellite broadcast combined with new virtual 3D models for the last mile before arrival. This service package offers a full range of user needs during the pre-trip and on-trip phases through a single access point for continuous information broadcasting (weather forecast, news and sport, cultural and entertainment information) and on demand information (pre-trip planning based on 2D/3D model, messages, points of interest, route guidance, dynamic traffic information).
  2. COMPOSE supplied a Demonstrator that combines newly developed hardware and software components, with existing components. It is a physical system implementing the COMPOSE innovative mobile service package and an open, non-proprietary and modular middleware that supplies it to the user.
  3. An innovative application based on 3D model was developed. It allows a user to get pre-trip information performing a virtual tour by navigating in a rich geographical environment in a selected area (based on trip itinerary and time). As a result of this activity, COMPOSE project submitted two proposals to the ISO TC204 WG 3.1 XGDF committee: “3D Elevation Model Extensions” and “Change request for city model contents extensions”.
  4. A trial campaign, run in real environments, was carried out in Summer 2004 in two different locations: Rome and Amsterdam. COMPOSE Demonstrator's performance and benefits were validated by directed involvement of users selected from two different categories: business and mass market. Applications for virtual 3D navigation supporting the user during the pre-trip and last-mile phases, location-based services (dynamic route guidance, dynamic traffic information, freight and fleet management) and satellite information broadcasting were proven.
  5. A thorough analysis and assessment of the trials results has been performed taking into account feedback from selected users involved in a series of COMPOSE demonstrations that were carried out during the trial campaign.

Technical Implications

There are some potential developments that could be applied to the COMPOSE Demonstrator. In particular, there are some exploitation ideas, which can be very useful in case of a COMPOSE-follow-on project and include the following areas:

  • Technology, in particular:
    - Development of a smaller User Terminal (towards the development of a product) as far as the satellite communication component is concerned;
  • Navigation, in particular:
    - Further studies and research into the market opportunities of the GALILEO services.
  • Communication, in particular:
    - Exploitation of S-UMTS technology towards different bit rates (COMPOSE communication services are focused on low data rate, and applications were developed in compliance with this constraint. Exploitation towards a wider rage of bit rates enables inclusion of other services and applications requiring higher bit rates);
    - Exploitation towards terrestrial technologies like T-UMTS;
    - Exploitation and extensive integration efforts toward growing coverage within Europe and acceptance of a technology like GPRS.
  • Data/Services, in particular:
    - Collection of real time local area traffic information and travel times for use within the dynamic route guidance application or for the use within traffic management system;
    - Further investigation of user needs for driver assistance services by using GPRS/UMTS. Possible services can be warnings for speeding (by using GPS locations, speed maps and map match technology), information about temporary and/or permanent road signs (i.e. matrix signs across roads) and information on start-trip time based on both time schedules (agendas and traffic information);
    - The responses of the user and results of trial clearly show possibilities for expanding of the Compose Location Bases Services in areas such as navigation, point-of-interest look up, traffic, commerce/advertising, buying/billing, personal security (geo-fencing), peer to peer/find me, asset tracking/field services and gaming/location-based imaging;
    - Location-based services should be focusing on the normal consumer and on demanding commercial users in aviation, farming, public services, geodetic surveys, and small-scale mapping.

Policy implications

The COMPOSE project aimed to analyse and promote the potentially enormous info-mobility market and business opportunity to auto-manufacturers as well as mobile service/applications/content providers by analysing, developing, demonstrating and disseminating the following value added services: 3D/4D virtual mobility pre- and on-trip, enhanced location-based services (route guidance, emergency and personal security services, traffic information, etc.) and individualised information packages.


Lead Organisation
EU Contribution
Partner Organisations
EU Contribution


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