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TRIMIS

Development of new light high-performance environmentally benign composites made of bio-materials and bio-resins for electric car application

PROJECTS
Funding
European
European Union
Duration
-
Status
Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Other
Total project cost
€3 880 635
EU Contribution
€2 800 000
Project website
Project Acronym
ECOSHELL
STRIA Roadmaps
Transport electrification (ELT)
Vehicle design and manufacturing (VDM)
Transport mode
Road icon
Transport policies
Decarbonisation,
Environmental/Emissions aspects,
Societal/Economic issues
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport

Overview

Call for proposal
FP7-SST-2010-RTD-1
Link to CORDIS
Background & Policy context

The ECOSHELL project concerned the development of optimal structural solutions for super light electric vehicles (category L6 and L7e), decreasing its environmental footprint and using an innovative, bio-composite material for the vehicle body.

Traditionally, this category of urban vehicles has been relatively expensive and lacking of sufficient security measures compared to classic vehicles (category m1n1), and consequently they have been less attractive for popular use. However, a car-body lighter than 100Kg will allow electric vehicles to have acceptable performances at an affordable price, due to lower engine power and lower energy consummation.

Objectives

ECOSHELL's aim was handling the first two major drawbacks (production cost and safety) of super light electric vehicles while further improving the associated environmental advantages via the application of innovative biodegradable materials for the vehicle body.

Methodology

The ECOSHELL partners worked on:

  • The material: finding the best material for such application (natural fiber, resin, glue);
  • The structural parts: defining the optimum geometry and body architecture, and the optimum shape of the different parts;
  • The vehicle: defining the optimum shape and architecture. The work was carried out through three sub-projects:
    1. 'Manufacturing': Manufacturing the material, manufacturing and assembling the parts of the body and assembling the car.
    2. 'Life cycle': Finding materials whose properties are in accordance with the vehicle life cycle, defining the parts of the body responding to the constraints of the vehicle life cycle and defining the vehicle, testing it against torsion, flexion and crash.
    3. 'End of life': defining the end of life for the material, the structural parts, and the car (disassembly).

ECOSHELL stood out as an innovative project compared to related activities mostly concerned with the improvement of production and weight of small size vehicles.

Funding

Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
The European Commission
Type of funding
Public (EU)
Specific funding programme
FP7-TRANSPORT

Results

Regarding the then current bill of materials of the car, there was an evaluation of weight of about 460Kg, which was quite close to the target. The energy absorbed by the first concept of crash box was quite close to the amount of energy that had to be absorbed during the front crash. These results were really encouraging and seemed to show that the objectives of the project were achievable.

The project resulted in:


a) Defining the formula and protocol of implementation for a new bio-based composite made of flax fibers and furan resin and/or tannin of wood based resin usable with SMC and RMT technologies for structural purpose. This material, using long fiber (non-woven or woven) or short fibers may have an average young modulus close to 15GPa and a strength resistance close to 150MPa. This allowed:

  • New European production of tannin of wood giving an additional value to the exploitation of forests and wood;
  • New European production of furan resin, allowing to value the waste treatment of the food-processing industry;
  • Maintaining the European linen production by providing this sector with new outlets;
  • Giving the European composites sector new perspectives by producing materials in agreement with the legislation on the COV emission.

b) Characterizing and fully understanding the behaviours of these new materials in numerous different conditions. This allowed for:

  • Having a real validation using numerical tools;
  • Proposing this material to different sectors like rail road, aeronautic, boat, trucks, street furniture, etc.

c) Demonstrating its feasibility for the vehicle body. This allowed for showing the interest of this material for structural use.

Strategy targets

Innovating for the future: technology and behaviour

  • Promoting more sustainable development 
  • Integrated urban mobility 

Partners

Lead Organisation
Organisation
Altran Technologies
Address
Boulevard Gouvion St Cyr 58, 75017 Paris, France
EU Contribution
€171 681
Partner Organisations
Organisation
Universite De Lorraine
Address
Cours Léopold 34, 54052 Nancy, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Cadlm
Address
Rue Du Saule Trapu 43, 91300 Massy, France
EU Contribution
€230 250
Organisation
Fraunhofer Gesellschaft Zur Foerderung Der Angewandten Forschung E.v.
Address
HANSASTRASSE 27C, 80686 MUNCHEN, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€402 493
Organisation
Efficient Innovation Sas
Address
Avenue Clement Ader 55, 34170 Castelnau-Le-Lez, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Mahytec Sarl
Address
Avenue De Verdun 210, 39100 Dole, France
EU Contribution
€241 500
Organisation
Universite Henri Poincare Nancy 1
Address
Rue Lionnois 24-30, 54003 NANCY, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€179 775
Organisation
Agencia Estatal Consejo Superior Deinvestigaciones Cientificas
Address
CALLE SERRANO 117, 28006 MADRID, Spain
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€322 062
Organisation
Grm Consulting Ltd
Address
Guys Cliffe Avenue 157, Leamington Spa, CV32 6RX, United Kingdom
EU Contribution
€62 116
Organisation
Hlp Development
Address
rue Notre Dame de Lorette 8, 75009 PARIS, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€149 206
Organisation
Conception Etudes Realisation Et Gestion Informatique Sas
Address
Route De Gisy Burospace Batiment 19, 91570 Bievres, France
EU Contribution
€209 833
Organisation
Cranfield Aerospace Limited
Address
Cranfield University Campus Hangar 2, Cranfield, MK43 0AL, United Kingdom
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€534 846
Organisation
Teknologian Tutkimuskeskus Vtt
Address
TEKNIIKANTIE 21, 02150 ESPOO, Finland
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€296 238

Technologies

Technology Theme
Electric road vehicles
Technology
Innovative biodegradable materials for EVs
Development phase
Demonstration/prototyping/Pilot Production

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