Earth observation and satellite navigation - apps, Opportunities for use and Innovation studies Impact in Estonia
Original Language Title: Maa kaugseire ja satelliitnavigatsioon – rakendused, kasutusvõimalused ning Innovation studies mõju Eestis
The three main areas of space terrestrial applications applications are satellite navigation, communications and -pass watching. According to the Estonian Space Strategy Implementation Plan 2011-2013, Estonia will focus on remote sensing and satellite navigation.
The two most important European space policies implemented by the European Commission and the European Space Agency aimed aimed at developing the capacity of the European applications and at increasing of the independence in satellite broadcasting and navigation.
The Earth Observation Program Copernicus is unique in the world. Its specialty for the Member States of the European Union is due to the fact that if the Galileo satellite navigation program is partly functionally replaced by a GPS or GLONASS, there is no such functional replacement for the civilian Copernicus program.
The implementation of the Copernicus program thus gives Europe strategic services and infrastructure independence for the Earth remote sensing.
A feasibility study for the implementation of the Estonian Space Strategy was carried out in August with the aim of:
- Provide an economic-statistical and technical overview of the volume of different space applications, the current situation and trends in Estonia now and in the near future;
- To provide an overview of the possibilities of implementing EU programs Galileo, EGNOS and Copernicus in Estonia and to assess the economic impact of these programs on Estonia;
- To evaluate the activities carried out within the framework of the Estonian Space Strategy for the period 2011-2013 and the impact of the impact on the Estonian economy.
The report has put together useful information material for businesses, policy makers, public sector and field researchers, but also to all users of space applications for terrestrial applications.
The widespread use of existing technological opportunities and the introduction of precision methods are certainly possible to stimulate by state administrative measures. Regulation of the Minister of Agriculture No 46 (of 21 April 2010) 320, which defines the necessary environmental management support
Requirements and procedures, according to the requirements set, the average fertilizer costs of the fields, are good, but in reality, there are no significant differences between fields. It would also be possible to be environmentally friendly mandatory supplementary documents for applying for management support (eg pursuant to subsection 261 (7) of the Water Act
Kept in the field) to partially replace the on-board computer used to control aggregates and auxiliary equipment,user interface output information. Farmer who uses more active technological applications, would reduce the administrative burden significantly if, for example, the environmentally friendly the application of precision farming.
If satellite positioning technologies are widespread in Estonia, then more advanced precision farming applications that inking location data to various map layers (yield and soil maps, etc.) is still poorly known in Estonia.