The aim of the project is to analyze various modes of transport (road, rail, sea and air) in the aspect of their external damage costs on human health and the environment due to emissions of hazardous air pollutants and compare them with the clean mobility based on the use of electricity and methane (CNG, LNG and biogas).
There will be analyzed relevant hazardous pollutants arising from transport (including abrasion of tires and brakes and resuspension of particles) within the project and also their health and economic impacts will be assessed. During the project a fundamental the attention will be given to measures aimed at reducing the impacts of transport on air quality by minimizing its hazardous emissions.
Individual potential solutions will be analyzed from the viewpoints of environmental benefits,financial costs, technical acceptability and impacts on the industrial sector. A "mix of measures" based on performed analysis will be designed. These measures will bring maximum environmental effects with the lowest possible financial costs paid from the public funds. Project will meet the concept of sustainability; it will contribute to enhancing the quality of life and competitiveness of the Czech Republic.
Methodology for Evaluating Emissions of Hazardous Substances from Road Transport and External Costs Due to their Effects on Human Health
This methodology conceives new methods for determination of emissions of hazardous pollutants from road transport (with focus on specific driving modes, leading to an increase of emissions) and for quantification of related effects on human health and their monetization.
The emission part of the methodology comprises detailed procedures for calculations of:
- particle number emissions
- emissions from CNG buses – specific increases in emissions from public transport buses operation
- real-world emissions (higher than tests results indicate).
The part dealing with physical effects and their monetary evaluating consists of procedures for:
- estimation of effects on human health and their monetary valuation (incl. financial values)
- exposure-response functions for PM2.5, PM10, PN, NO2 and B[a]P, incl. aggregation
- derivation of background levels of incidence/prevalence of effects, risk- and age population subgroups
- recommendation on quantification of chronic mortality impacts by life tables approach