EBSF was an initiative of the European Commission under the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development. Starting in September 2008; EBSF was a four-year project with an overall budget of € 26 million (16 million of which co-funded) and is coordinated by UITP, the International Association of Public Transport.
For the first time, EBSF brings together the five leading European Bus manufacturers and forty-two other partners in 11 EU countries.
In addition to the Project Consortium, the EBSF User Group, composed of some of the major European public transport experts, follows the project development and assesses some of its major results.
Seven European cities will test and validate the project headways: Bremerhaven, Brunoy, Budapest, Gothenburg, Madrid, Rome and Rouen.
The European Bus System of the Future is: ebsf-bremerhaven2
- an intelligent system (making efficient use of information, and providing different bus system solutions adapted to specific needs of all stakeholders);
- with innovative vehicles (providing improved comfort and accessibility for drivers and passengers, and making smart use of energy on board);
- integrated in the European Urban scenarios (adapted to different modern and historical cities, taking into account the future mobility trends, featuring new services for passengers and operators, and being the core part of the whole transport network).
EBSF aims at developing a new generation of urban bus system adapted to the specificities of the European cities. EBSF acts therefore as a driver to increase the attractiveness and raise the image of the bus systems in urban and suburban areas, by means of developing new technologies on vehicles and infrastructures in combination with operational best practices:
- Innovative high quality bus system;
- Breakthrough design of vehicles, infrastructures and operations;
- Competitive position of the European bus manufacturers and operators by promoting a new concept of 'the European Bus System';
- Boosting European research and development expertise for urban bus networks.
To achieve its mission, EBSF carried out a deep analysis of the needs of today and tomorrow of the main stakeholders of Bus Systems: users, operators and authorities. The project identified all requirements of Bus Systems and their components (vehicle, infrastructure, operation).
Prototypes of sub-systems, demonstrator buses and infrastructures, and new operations is now tested and validated in seven European cities.
EBSF demonstrates the full potential of the new 'European Bus System' bus concept, producing a final handbook to guide and recommend authorities and operators, giving crucial keys on implementing the new generation of bus networks.
After four years of intensive work, project results have been delivered on two different levels: the first is a more fundamental level: the main characteristics of the future bus system (functions, requirements, architecture.) and the main strategic performance indicators to assess its quality. This part was based on an exhaustive inventory of needs from all the public transport user categories, and performed with 23 of the project partners – operators, manufacturers, suppliers, and associations – the whole value chain. The second level consists of tangible solutions, some of them ready to use today.
- The EBSF Vision was developed
This is a handbook for authorities and operators on how to implement attractive and efficient new generation of bus systems
The following four prototype vehicles have been put to the test by partner operators in different cities across Europe:
- Irisbus Iveco – Rome
Raising the comfort of passengers, even at peak travel times, improving the driver's workplace to better address health and safety issues, and enhancing the remote maintenance system are the main objectives of the user case in Rome. On board the demonstrator developed by Irisbus Iveco, the number of seats available to passengers depends on the effective passenger flow. Several tests have allowed for the different combinations of seat arrangements to be verified, together with a limited number of passengers, to ensure correct flow during the bus services. In particular, special consideration has been given to the driver workplace, with modifications designed to improve security and safety aspects, and to encourage a simpler and more intuitive driving style.
- Evobus – Bremerhaven
The new Citaro demonstrator bus has been running to highlight ways and means of reducing the existing physical and psychological constraints of using buses. Special lighting elements have been installed to show passengers the best spots to board, and so to avoid congestion at the doors. And to distinguish between occupied and unoccupied seats and reduce the time spent searching for a free place, the internal layout includes ceiling lights. In addition, the project has provided an advanced IT and communication system to achieve better reliability (which has also been retrofitted to buses already in service).
- MAN – Budapest
Budapest's 18.75-metre long MAN Lion's City GL articulated bus has five wide doors for easy
Innovating for the future: technology and behaviour: Integrated urban mobility