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Fuel Cell Bus Project Berlin, Copenhagen, Lisbon

European Union
Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Project Acronym
STRIA Roadmaps
Transport electrification (ELT)
Transport mode
Road icon
Transport policies
Environmental/Emissions aspects
Transport sectors
Passenger transport


Background & Policy context

The "Fuel Cell Bus for Berlin, Copenhagen, Lisbon II" project has been the follow-up project to the "Fuel Cell Bus for Berlin, Copenhagen, Lisbon" project. Due to severe problems with the development of the fuel cell technology during phase I of the project, it was not possible to initiate the demonstration phase of the fuel cell bus within this phase.

  • Development, construction and implementation of the electrical storage system to support the fuel cell system.
  • Development, construction and implementation of a stationary hydrogen filling station.
  • Demonstration of the bus in an inner-city enviroment and of the filling station infrastructure.


  • Comparison and evaluation of different energy storage systems such as super capacitors, fly wheel and battery systems.
  • Installation and demonstration of the most suitable energy storage system in the Fuel Cell bus.
  • Investigation of brake energy recovery, use of different rear axle differential, investigation of power demand for different routes etc
  • Creation of a public stationary hydrogen filling infrastructure including an emergency hydrogen production facility.
  • Development of a simulator to simule operational conditions of the bus.
  • Development of a measurement and monitoring programme to show the enviromental benefits and costs


Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
European Commission
Type of funding
Public (EU)


The hydrogen filling station was inaugrated on 23-Oct-2003. The internal combustion engine hydrogen bus from MAN for the gaseous hydrogen refilling demnonstration and a fuel cell powered Opel Saphira for the liquid refilling demonstration were presented. Total and BVG carried out a detailed safety study. A programme improve the safety has been developed.

Technical Implications

It is necessary to attract further applications of mobile fuel cells and to develop the infrastructure, to gurantee an efficient use of the stationary filling station.


Lead Organisation
EU Contribution
Partner Organisations
EU Contribution


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