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Fuel INjector Coking and Autoxidation Prediction

European Union
Geo-spatial type
Total project cost
€999 981
EU Contribution
€999 981
Project Acronym
STRIA Roadmaps
Vehicle design and manufacturing (VDM)
Transport mode
Airborne icon
Transport policies
Other specified
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport


Call for proposal
Link to CORDIS

The aim of this project is to develop a robust theoretical framework to allow the modelling of the build-up of surface carbonaceous deposits in jet fuel injection systems so that fuel injectors for advanced engines such as the VHBR may be designed with an acceptable maintenance frequency and their life span predicted. Given the high heat sink requirement on aviation fuel in geared turbofan architecture, the prediction capability developed within this proposal is essential to a rapid and low cost development of VHBR, lean burn fuel injector systems.

The project team consisting of the Low Carbon Combustion Centre, the Department of Chemistry and the Centre for Advanced Manufacturing in the University of Sheffield will conduct a three-year programme to develop the understanding of fuel injector coking through a combination of experimentation and simulations of various scales and complexities. The proposed programme builds on the significant expertise within the core team.

The objectives of the Proposal are:

  1. Construction of an updated and robust autoxidation kinetic mechanism for surrogate hydrocarbons representative of an approved aviation fuel.
  2. Validation of the detailed mechanism with autoxidation results for real fuel and surrogate hydrocarbon obtained in a near isothermal plug flow reactor over a range of temperatures. Followed by the automated mechanism reduction through species lumping and reaction grouping.
  3. Validation of a mathematical model with respect to the experimental results obtained from low TRL level experiments and parameter optimisation
  4. Experimental investigation of surface deposition in a simulated burner feed arm using “Aviation Fuel Thermal Stability Test Unit” and assess the impact of surface roughness in a representative fuel injector at TRL 5 conditions to validate coking model.
  5. Incorporate this understanding into a number of modelling tools to permit incorporation of coking calculations within CFD packages.


Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
European Commission
Type of funding
Public (EU)
Specific funding programme


Lead Organisation
The University Of Sheffield
Firth Court Western Bank, Sheffield, S10 2TN, United Kingdom
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€999 981
Partner Organisations
EU Contribution


Technology Theme
Aircraft propulsion
Lean combustion for ultra-high pressure ratio
Development phase

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