Internet of Energy is defined as and integrated dynamic network infrastructure based on standard and interoperable communication protocols that interconnect the energy network with the Internet allowing units of energy (locally generated, stored, and forwarded) to be dispatched when and where it is needed. The related information/data follows the energy flows thus implementing the necessary information exchange together with the energy transfer.
The objective of Internet of Energy (IoE) was to develop hardware, software and middleware for seamless, secure connectivity and interoperability achieved by connecting the Internet with the energy grids. The application of the IoE will be the infrastructure for the electric mobility. The underlying architecture is of distributed Embedded Systems (ESs), combining power electronics, integrated circuits, sensors, processing units, storage technologies, algorithms, and software. The IoE worked to implement a real time interface between the power network/grid and the Internet. The grid will increasingly rely on smaller, locally distributed electricity generators and storage systems that are based on plug & play principles. Power network devices and loads at the edge (such as electrical vehicles, buildings, electric devices, and home appliances) can be charged or connected on any source of energy being solar, wind, or hydroelectric. Reference designs and ESs architectures for high efficiency innovative smart network systems will be addressed with regard to requirements of compatibility, networking, security, robustness, diagnosis, maintenance, integrated resource management, and self-organization. The future smart grid will converge with the Internet based on standard interfaces, and a physical infrastructure to support electric mobility and the efficient distribution of power and information. IoE will provide a robust, accessible and programmable platform that creates applications and services facilitating an increased use of renewable energy sources as fast as is feasible in a cost effective manner.
The project will enable the creation of value added services using both wired and wireless devices with access to the Internet by managing key topics: such as demand response, modelling/simulation, energy efficiency and conservation, usage monitoring, real time energy balance and billing. The project considers vertical integration and horizontal cooperation among energy utilities, OEMs, and hardware/software/silicon providers.
Internet of Energy project Consortium brings together 40 partners from 10 European countries - mobilizing Europe's best industrial and research capabilities in the area of embedded systems, energy, semiconductors, end users and vehicle OEMs.
The total budget for the ARTEMIS IoE project is Euro 45 million, half of which is funded by the 40 industry and research partners. The other half is provided by the ARTEMIS (Advanced Research and Technology for Embedded Intelligence in Systems) Joint Undertaking organization and ten national funding authorities in Austria, Belgium, the Czech Republic, Germany, Finland, Italy, The Netherlands, Norway, Spain and United Kingdom.