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Legal remedies to foster sustainable mobility in urban and suburban areas

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Project Acronym
STRIA Roadmaps
Smart mobility and services (SMO)
Transport policies
Societal/Economic issues
Transport sectors
Passenger transport


Background & Policy context

The research aimed at drawing lines of actions for public policies to foster sustainable mobility in and around Brussels. In so doing, it has translated in practical terms the abstract concept of sustainable development in the field of mobility.


The project developed a panoply of legal mechanisms that could help institute what could be qualified as 'sustainable' mobility in and around Brussels, in the following fields:

  • tax policies
  • public transport policies
  • land planning.

Given their trans-regional perspective, these remedies can give priority to mechanisms of cooperation and dialogue among the various powers concerned.


For each of the research fields (tax policies, public transport policies, land planning), the methodology can be summarized as follows:

  • inventory and study of the existing knowledge in the various research fields;
  • thorough study of the competences and fields of action of each relevant authority;
  • drafting of proposals about measures that could be adopted by each of the relevant authorities to promote sustainable mobility;
  • study of the legal mechanisms available to coordinate the relevant authorities' actions;
  • drafting of proposals to improve or step up the coordination and consultation mechanisms between the relevant authorities, to promote sustainable mobility.


Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
Belgian Federal Science Policy Office
Type of funding
Public (national/regional/local)


  • Analysis of how tax policies could be used to reduce transport problems in Brussels;
  • Analysis of how cooperaton amongst 4 involved authorities in Brussel could contribute to more sustainable solutions for public transport;
  • Analysis of the mechanisms in the 3 regions concerning land planning.

Policy implications

Through a deeper knowledge of the legal systems, decision makers have received additional imput in favour of more sustainable mobility paths.


The research concerned legal remedies to solve mobility problems encountered by people wishing to move about in and around Brussels (a.o. parking problems)


The study tackles urban problems of mobility and offers solutions fro lnland planning and tax policies


The study offers measures to improve the efficiency of public transport, tax policy and land planning and offers an overviw of legal mechanisms available to coordinate the relevant autorities' actions.

User aspects

the research proposes legal measures to foster people's mobility in Brussels

Decision-support tools

The aim of the study is to produce a tool for decision makers to expand sustaibnable mobility of people and freight in the city

Land-use planning

The study proposes mechanisms for each of the belgian regions to get them compare each other's policy choices with regard to physical mobility and land-use plans


Lead Organisation
EU Contribution
Partner Organisations
EU Contribution


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