At present, only fragments of the Lithuania’s Long-Term Transport and Transit Development Strategy have been included in the Long-Term Economic Development Strategy of Lithuania until 2015.
In the National Long-Term Transport and Transit Development Strategy only strategic goals and measures of development of individual transport modes are given in more detail, whereas one of the key directions of the transport policy of the European Union and Lithuania is to strengthen the interoperability of transport modes. In passenger transport, it is a conceptual framework of “a single ticket” (when a single ticket allows transferring from one mode to another). In freight transport, much attention is being paid to the intermodal transportation processes and technologies. When developing the intermodal transport, it is very important to establish modern logistic centres or simply transport centres, and to integrate them into the network of transport centres being created on the continent of Europe and in the Baltic Sea region.
The Strategy should give an analysis of the long-term development perspectives of the establishment of the new generation public logistic centres (“freight villages”).
In addition, it should emphasise the importance of intermodal interoperability when developing Lithuanian transport infrastructure. The road, railway, seaport and airport infrastructure have to be modernised and developed in a coordinated way, so that intermodal operators could employ effective transportation technologies. Processes and that sustainable development of different transport modes and their proper interoperability with the transport systems of the neighbouring states (especially EU Member States) are to be achieved.
The analysis of the state of the Lithuanian transport sector enables defining the following key long-term goals of the Lithuanian transport system development:
- To achieve the level of transport service quality and technical parameters of the old EU Member States;
- To cooperate effectively with the transport systems of the neighbouring countries; to become an integral and important link of the transport system (West-East) of the Baltic Sea region.
- To enable people of Lithuania to conveniently and rapidly reach main cultural, tourism and commercial centres of Europe;
- To serve effectively the interests of Lithuania and the enlarged EU, to increase competitive capacity in international markets.
The Strategy gives the following key directions of the general Lithuanian transport policy:
- development of transport infrastructure;
- development of intermodal transport;
- development of information technologies and intelligent transport systems;
- transport development and environmental protection;
- traffic safety improvement in road transport;
- protection of transport infrastructure installations, freight and passengers;
- strengthening of administrative capacities.
Strategy approved by the government of the Republic of Lithuania in 2005 as resolution no. 692.