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MUlti-Source TermInal Kernel

European Union
Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Project Acronym
STRIA Roadmaps
Network and traffic management systems (NTM)
Transport mode
Multimodal icon
Transport policies
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport


Background & Policy context

MUSIK has analysed in depth the market and the industrial and technological situation of positioning applications and drawn a picture of the economical, industrial, legal and institutional environment. A thorough assessment of the technological evolution by 2010 has been made. MUSIK was expected to identify research objectives and propose an RTD roadmap. Considering the technological outcomes, the project was supposed to establish comprehensive recommendations in order to define a technology platform based on a generic architecture able to tackle all types of positioning applications, to use multi-source positioning services and to promote the creation of standards. These recommendations shall be assessed, refined and validated by a set of European experts from industry or from European institutions or Member States selected for their complementary background and their being representative.


MUSIK's objective was to propose a research and technological development (RTD) roadmap and the accompanying methods for the development of generic receiver architecture for the three main classes of positioning applications (Consumer, Professional and Safety of Life).

To that aim, MUSIK had to:

  • analyse in depth the market, industrial and technological situation of positioning applications, and set up constructive recommendations;
  • define a technology platform based on a generic multi-source receiver architecture able to tackle all kinds of positioning applications and to promote the creation of standards;
  • assess the technological evolution by 2010 on satellite navigation infrastructures (GPS, GLONASS, EGNOS, GALILEO) and terrestrial systems, as well as on user equipment in terms of hardware features and software development methods.

MUSIK included two main tasks to be carried out:

  1. an Economical and Legal Survey;
  2. the Technical Issues for the specifications of a generic multi-source positioning user terminal kernel and proposed recommendations.

The Economical and Legal Survey included the following analysis:

  • a synthesis of market intelligence to highlight the market differences between Europe, the United States and Asia,
  • a more in-depth analysis on current industry skills;
  • a compilation of Legal issues.

The Technical Issues in order to define a technology platform included the following analysis:

  • recommendations on the generic positioning architecture for Consumer, Professional and Safety-of-Life end users;
  • specifications of a Real Time Hardware Tool for developing, testing and optimising the generation of new positioning applications;
  • specifications of a Software Development Tool, the associated methods and standardisation process dedicated to positioning software development.


Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
European Commission, Directorate-General for Energy and Transport (DG TREN)
Type of funding
Public (EU)


The study recommendations are focused on:

  • the preparation of a high-level specification highlighted by the need for standardisation to predefine a multi-source positioning user-terminal kernel;
  • the supply of the potential industrialists and other stakeholders list which could be involved in a future development of the positioning user-terminal kernel;
  • the validation and the dissemination of the study through the organisation of a workshop and circulation of the Final Report to European industry.

Technical Implications


Lead Organisation
EU Contribution
Partner Organisations
EU Contribution


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