Skip to main content
European Commission logo

Multimodality in cities and regions - supply and demand

Germany Icon
Geo-spatial type
STRIA Roadmaps
Smart mobility and services (SMO)
Transport mode
Multimodal icon
Transport policies
Deployment planning/Financing/Market roll-out
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport,
Active mobility


Background & Policy context

Multimodality is not a new phenomenon of the present day, but has been practiced for decades by people in everyday life (e. g. Park & Ride, Bike & Ride). In recent years, however, the topic of multimodality has become increasingly visible in traffic planning terms, both as a result of changes in mobility offers and services (e. g. car sharing) and as a result of technical progress in transport (e. g. e-bike, pedelec). Mobility studies carried out in recent years confirm the subjective impression of a change in mobility in the cities and their surroundings.

In cities and regions, multimodal services have been increasingly created, but it has not yet been clarified who the user groups of these services are and to what extent these systems are being used. On the one hand, there is a lack of up-to-date knowledge and on the other hand, there is a lack of a fundamental evaluation methodology for the systems and services offered against the background of user needs. The mobility offers currently available in practice as well as conceptual ideas regarding the supply side (infrastructural, organizational,..) must therefore be researched and systematically considered as the basis for the evaluation of modules of a possible "building block system" for municipal and regional traffic planning.


This project aims at providing a guideline for municipalities and regions describing possible mobility offers including their potential use in the area of multimodality, making recommendations for the (target group-specific) survey of multimodal transport behaviour, providing information on the calculation and forecasting of multimodal transport demand, and presenting methods and procedures for evaluating measures.


Based on a differentiated data analysis and evaluation of mobility studies (e. g. Mobility in Germany (MiD), German Mobility Panel (MOP), mobility in cities (SrV), regional specific mobility studies) the current development and the current state of multimodality will be demonstrated. Spatial, temporal and group-specific aspects have to be taken into account. The existing possibilities, potentials and methodical/procedural development needs of traffic surveys and especially of household surveys with regard to multimodality have to be pointed out in a differentiated and critical way.

The supply side and the demand side should be set in relation to each other in order to identify the potentials for promoting multimodality and to be able to forecast future demand in this respect and to derive targeted measures on the basis of this. The FE project is to culminate in a final guide for municipalities and regions, which describes the (potential) supply side, uncovers the demand potentials and identifies evaluation possibilities of transport planning measures.


Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
Federal Ministry for Transport and Digital Infrastructures BMVI
Type of funding
Public (national/regional/local)
Funding Source
Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructures (BMVI)

Contribute! Submit your project

Do you wish to submit a project or a programme? Head over to the Contribute page, login and follow the process!