Building a sustainable city challenges all its stakeholders: public authorities, companies, planning agencies, transport operators and so on. The resolution of systemic mobility issues of sustainable city will require, from these actors, a multidimensional and multi-scale apprehension. In order to meet it, one step consists in structuring mobility's data in an automated and reproducible way, i.e. territory by territory and up-to European region scale.
The proposed NORM-ATIS approach for a comprehensive understanding of mobility behaviour over a territory is a bottom-up and a decentralized approach based on existing multisource data issued from smart mobile applications, floating car data, institutional data and crowdsourcing requiring Big Data storage and treatments but also multi-scale mobility analysis and visualization. The main objectives are therefore:
- to organize, structure and industrialize the collection of mobility data in the territories and their related actors,
- to disseminate well-structured predictive and real time multimodal traveller information, properly mapped with its related infrastructure and topography,
- to promote the use of these tools for individual and collective control of the transport and mobility system at a local level.
- to exchange, consolidate and analyse these motilities on larger scales at national and at European level by a pre-normative approach.
Norm-Atis is structured into eight main tasks (responsible structure):
- Project management (Vedecom)
- The analysis of the needs of the actors and the formulation of mobility indicators (Chronos)
- The development of a mobility data platform (OpenDataSoft)
- The multimodal data geo referencing (Vedecom). Chronos participates in this by developing complementary data collection methods for individuals and communities.
- The development of algorithms and mobility models (UTBM)
- The development of mobility web applications and services (WebGeoServices)
- Experimentation of web applications and services (Vedecom). Chronos participates by contributing to the evaluation of the uses of the applications and web services developed.
- The dissemination of teaching and tools (Vedecom). Chronos plays an editorial role (writing and publishing articles on the Chronos Group website and in external media) and organizes an event to present the lessons of the project.
Project still on-going
The theoretical indicators make it possible to measure in an innovative way the mobility practices and to evaluate the impacts / externalities of infrastructures or services deployed on the territory. They are taken into account by the project partners both to define the data to be collected, but also in the development of algorithms, modelling and evaluation of the services developed.
The digital and sharing economy, and the way new labour organizations allow to a reorganization of mobility, both from the point of view of users (which change their habits and practices) and from the point of view of mobility providers (which must review their strategy, due to the entry into market of new players).
Therefore, the knowledge that actors, and in particular local authorities, have of these phenomena need to be enriched. Data coming from various actors and emerging services need to be added to the ones owned by main mobility providers. Together, they will enable more-detailed analysis to better quantify and detect mobility patterns and their evolution.