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Optimising price and location of parking in cities under a sustainability constraint


Optimising price and location of parking in cities under a sustainability constraint

Background & policy context: 

A lot of cities in Belgium are struggling with parking problems. Having too much parking spaces for cars causes traffic problems, congestion, emissions, noise, and, above all, over-consumption of expensive land. Too little parking has also disadvantages: the inner city is less accessible, and many people will keep search for the scarce parking spots and therefore might cause even more traffic related problems.


The objective of the project is to develop a tool providing strategic advice on urban parking.

The instrument considered issues as public versus private parking, on-street versus off-street, fees, time regulations, effects on welfare, city development, spatial competition, enforcement, housing, land use costs, congestion cost, etc.

A spatial disaggregation into city districts was provided to be able to also optimise the geographical aspects of parking management.


The growing demand for parking was balanced with the environmental, economical and social constraints of a sustainability city centre.

The proposal is to build a land use model that is able to manage different options of location, amount and price of public parking spots.

Institution Type:
Institution Name: 
Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (Politique scientifique fédérale  / Federaal Wetenschapsbeleid)
Type of funding:
Key Results: 

One of the core products of SUSTAPARK is the overall model design of the city parking model, coupled with an efficient policy assessment method.

The model design included detailed information on the the various components of the integrated model and on the calculation algorithms.

It  also included information on the data necessary for the implementation of the model and description of model estimation method.


Transport & Mobility Leuven (TML)

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (K.U.Leuven)

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB)

Transport & Mobility Leuven
Vital Decosterstraat 67A bus 0001
Contact country:
016 31 77 30
Fax Number: 
016 31 77 39