Most small/mid-sized historic towns, such as Treviso, face similar challenges in relation to mobility and the transport of people and goods in their urban centres. This includes energy consumption, environmental impact, noise and other issues. These factors negatively affect citizens’ health and damage heritage sites and cultural assets (e.g. degradation of houses and monuments). Low levels of public transport use and higher freight distribution costs also have a negative effect on trade in urban centres, which in turn impacts on social cohesion and the dynamism of these areas. However, experiences in various EU Member States show that a number of organisational, operational and technological measures can be used to address such issues.
The PERHT project aims to transform parking facilities in the pilot area into “hubs for green urban mobility”, which will enable the following strategic objectives to be achieved:
- Reduced impact of car traffic through improved management of parking services and the implementation of flexible parking schemes;
- Efficient integration of parking services with public transport and other collective mobility services;
- Encouragement of citizens and visitors to shift from cars to alternative (individual and collective) and sustainable mobility services;
- Reduced impact of commercial traffic by providing dedicated parking facilities for last-mile operations, and by better integrating city logistics into the overall urban mobility management scheme;
- Promoting the take-up of electric mobility for both people and goods.
These measures will lead to energy savings, improvements in the urban environment and a better quality of life in the town centre.
- New park and ride services, with bicycle sharing facilities and stations. This is expected to lead to emissions reductions in Treviso urban centre of at least 60 tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year, and an energy consumption reduction of 23 tonnes of oil equivalent (toe) per year;
- A flexible collective mobility scheme, based on shared taxi services, leading to an emissions reduction of 2 tonnes of CO2 equivalent per year, and an energy consumption reduction of 1.075 toe per year;
- A reduction in urban commercial traffic through the adoption of policies favouring the use of electric vehicles and optimised freight loads, leading to a CO2 emissions reduction of at least 8% (50 tonnes CO2 equivalent/year) and an energy consumption reduction of 0.22 toe/year;
- The introduction of recharging stations, services and other incentives (e.g. priority parking) to promote the use of electric vehicles;
- Travel information and information on the mobility schemes via pervasive ICT services, including a web portal, applications for mobile users, and information kiosks/screens;
- Demonstration of a new concept for integrated and coordinated eco-mobility service operation in small/mid-sized historical towns.