Policy and project appraisal for transport and environmental regulation has an important regional dimension. Environmental problems are mainly local, and regulatory measures are increasingly local. Impacts on the environment and economy are also local, not only in terms of distribution, but also from an efficiency point of view. Total efficiency gains for the total economy depend in fact, in part, on the regional design of the regulatory measures.
The principal aim of the project is to develop methods and indicators for the evaluation of both the direct and derived impacts of changes in the transport system and its regulation. Further, the aim is to develop methodologies to assess the environmental and economic impacts of transport system changes and changes in the regulation of the transport system.
The project is carried out as a case study on a (hypothetical) road pricing system in Denmark with three main activities:
- An extension of the evaluation of user benefits from transport activities to include option values and existence values.
- Development of measures and methods for spatial evaluation.
- The concrete case study of road pricing in Denmark.
The subject of this project is impacts on working and residential structures, which can be used as a supplement to traditional national cost benefit analyses and national multi-criteria analyses. The project has focused on economic modelling, productivity analysis and externality analysis. Further, it has been investigated, whether the commuting distance has an impact on size of salaries.
The regional dimension is essential, as transport policy and transport projects often are regional. Therefore cost and benefits often have significantly different regional consequenses.
This issue is relevant for Denmark, which is currently undergoing a change in the regional and local administrative structure.