reduce - recycle - reuseeMobility - retrofitting-kits for buses
The overall objective of the envisaged project is to establish a production system for refurbishing and retrofitting the bodies of diesel-driven-buses after their service life. These bodies are usually still in a very good condition and have a high potential for being refurbished and retrofitted with electric powered drive systems. In Germany the public transport sector is about 39,600 buses strong (2013). Only 46.6% of these buses have EURO-IV and higher, 20.4% EURI-III, 23.5% EURO-II and 9.5% are much older. European wide (EU-27) there are about 8,200,000 buses and coaches. In Germany (39,600 of 79,200) around 50% of these are busses in public transport – around 400,000 buses. This shows the high potential of this market in the whole Europe.
Retrofitting is not only a sustainable way to use resources, but it is also economic ally feasible for the customer, because the body and many of the components are reused and have a remaining value about 100 – 200 T€.
Furthermore, the ecologic impact plays a more and more important role. First cities decided to close their inner cities up to 2020 for diesel-vehicles (for example Paris) or for vehicles with CO2-emissions (for example London) or Copenhagen as carbon neutral city up to 2025. We can be sure, that other regions and cities will follow. E-mobility is the key to success and needs further funding for development.
The objective of this project is to demonstrate, that rebuilding buses with electric powered drive systems will have a significant market in Europe and a large and sustainable benefit for the public transport sector:
- economic wise, because the operational costs are about 50% cheaper than diesel-driven buses (assembly, operation, maintenance)
- innovation wise, because these vehicles are equipped with several sensors that are connected to the internet to give more precise information
- ecological wise, because of CO2-emission-free operation.
Periodic Reporting for period 1 - EU-elabus4.0 (reduce - recycle - reuseeMobility - retrofitting-kits for busses)
We are a consortium that has developed a process for retrofitting and refurbishing deprecated diesel-driven busses with electric-powered drive systems at the end of their service life. After 7-9 years diesel engines of busses are usually worn out, but the body structures are generally still in a very good condition and provide a high potential for being refurbished and retrofitted with electric powered drive systems. The successful operation of a first retrofitted demo-bus in public transport has generated considerable interest in the bus operator’s community and thus presumes a great commercial potential. Therefore, we decided to scale-up our retrofit approach by establishing a serial production line to achieve a cost-efficient way of retrofitting and to enter the market of e-busses thus stimulating greener and sustainable mobility.
Objective of phase 1 was to verify the technical and the economic feasibility of the business idea, to find suitable partners and commit them to the project, to outline the overall concept of the serial retrofitting production line and to elaborate the draft work plan for the phase 2 project.
Within the phase 1 of the project we arranged three joint meetings with the envisaged project participants. In the result we determined all phase 2 project partners as well as 3rd party participants of the consortium (project manager and coordinator, technical providers for the retrofitting process covering the whole value chain, end users such as two bus operators/ public transport companies). We also established the technical and financial outline of the whole project including the definition of all necessary tasks, resources and technical requirements as well as all involved costs (personal costs, material costs, development / adaptation costs, investment costs, sales revenues, cost distribution among project partners, long-term financing planning / liquidity planning). We refined our marketing strategy, adjusted our approach to new challenges revealed by the feasibility study and elaborated an advanced commercialization concept for Phase 2.