Ensuring a secure, efficient handling of airfreight is a major challenge. This is, among other things, due to the variety of possible transport goods and the large number of potential points of attack in the process chain. Despite the importance of the subject, there are hardly any practical concepts to solve this problem so far.
The overall project aims to increase security in air transport while at the same time increasing or at least maintaining the efficiency of the operational business in air cargo. The main focus of the project is not on the development and implementation of additional technical components, but on process- and organization-led measures taking into account economic aspects. The basis is a process-oriented project approach, which takes into account the entire logistics process chain with all parties involved in the transport chain.
With the help of SiLuFra the entire freight logistics in air traffic in Germany is systematically analysed. Based on the analysis, approaches to improve the secure handling of airfreight are developed so that potential weaknesses in the transport chain are identified and a reliable protection against manipulations and attacks is enabled.
Over the course of the project, there were the phases of threat analysis, concept development and implementation.
Within the SiLuFra project, a "high-level-meta model" for air cargo chains was developed: On the three levels "top-level", "high level" and "system-level" a systematic and detailed overview about processes and parties involved can be given.
Different threat scenarios were defined and evaluated regarding their risk. Afterwards some concepts to overcome these scenarios were developed.
Some overall key findings of the project are:
The security of the airfreight transport chain results from the interaction of persons and technologies within processes. It must be managed and maintained continuously within this socio-technical system.
Thanks to a combined optimization (including all stakeholders) of...
- technology (e.g. human-machine-interaction)
- personnel (selection, training, awareness)
- organization (processes)
effective solutions were designed that meet the requirements of regulations.
The safety of the airfreight transport chain as well as its efficiency and profitability can thus be effectively designed and positively influenced.
Findings of the study are published in detail by several final reports of the project partners (German only) which are available online via the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB):
TU Hamburg-Harburg, Institut für Flugzeugkabinensysteme, Institut für Logistik und Unternehmensführung und Institut für Lufttransportsysteme:
Lufthansa Cargo AG, Frankfurt am Main
LHU Luft-Hafen-Umschlag GmbH und Co. KG, Hamburg
HLI Hamburger Logistik Institut GmbH, Hamburg
Bundesanstalt für Materialforschung und -prüfung (BAM), Berlin
Bundespolizei – Referat 24 für Luftsicherheit, Potsdam