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TRIMIS

Secure Propulsion using Advanced Redundant Control

PROJECTS
Funding
European
European Union
Duration
-
Status
Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Other
Total project cost
€12 598 247
EU Contribution
€6 499 985
Project Acronym
SPARC
STRIA Roadmaps
Connected and automated transport (CAT)
Transport mode
Waterborne icon
Transport policies
Safety/Security,
Digitalisation
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport

Overview

Call for proposal
FP6-2002-IST-1
Link to CORDIS
Background & Policy context

The goal of the SPARC project was to substantially improve traffic safety and efficiency for heavy goods vehicles and passenger vehicles by developing intelligent x-by-wire technologies which included a co-pilot function. Substantial and impressive progress was made on both subsystem and system level, i.e. subsystem integration. A standardised SW/HW platform concept was developed and implemented in tour demonstration vehicles, using similar SW/HW components in an architecture which is scalable from heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) right down to small passenger cars (sPC).

Objectives
  1. Development of an accident-avoiding vehicle using a Decision Control System (DCS), which compensates driver failure probability (driver incapacity, dead man state, etc.);
  2. Describe and validate clear SW/HW interfaces for automotive redundant control systems to combine results from other related European projects (e.g. PEIT, PReVENT, AIDE, etc.);
  3. Extend this concept of heavy goods vehicle to full tractor-trailer combination;
  4. Validate the scalability of the concept by transferring it from heavy-duty trucks to small passenger cars. Four validator vehicles have been built up;
  5. Ensure European technology leadership for x-by-wire vehicles.
Methodology

SPARC has proposed a complete automotive concept of an open system architecture, where software functionalities of different kinds can be integrated easily. The key technological advancement is the following:

In State-of-the-Art accident avoidance systems, such as the electronic stability programme (ESP) or restraint devices, the system responds only after the vehicle has entered a hazardous situation. This is referred to as reactive safety. The present approach is in sharp contrast to reactive safety: hazardous situations are anticipated and the time lead gained by this forecast used to keep the vehicle inside a safe motion envelope. This is referred to as preventive safety, since hazardous situations are avoided at a very early stage. The expected evolution from reactive safety to preventive safety created by the SPARC vehicles will constitute a breakthrough in road safety technology by pursuing the main technical objectives mentioned above.

In the integration phase, the partners have formed seven subgroups to facilitate the processes of the vehicle integration. Those subgroups were:

1. X-by-wire
All actuators of the vehicles are controlled with electronical signals in x-by-wire systems. There is no mechanical connection between driver and chassis. This result in smart steer-, brake-, accelerate- and shift-by-wire performance of the vehicle, so braking and stopping distance are enhanced.

2. Architecture/Platform
The main task of this subgroup was to ensure the safe data processing of the environmental data and the driver inputs, a redundant controller platform, Dual Duplex ECU, is used. This architecture and operating system makes it possible to recognise and compensate occurring failures without compromising the running of the vehicle. If the driver's wish does not correspond to a safe motion vector, generated by the use of environmental information, the Decision Control System (DCS) helps the driver to control and steer the car on the base of this safe motion vector.

3. Test systems
Future drive-by-wire vehicles show the necessity to test all sub-systems and software from the partners as well as the entire vehicles. The systems and the software components were tested in the lab. To test the vehicles test benches for the heavy goods vehicles and small passenger cars have been built up. Consequently driving tests for all vehicles on divers test tracks have finalised the operation.

4. Drivabi

Funding

Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
European Commission
Type of funding
Public (EU)

Results

  1. Development of an accident-avoiding vehicle using a Decision Control System (DCS), which compensates driver failure probability (driver incapacity, dead man state, etc.).
  2. Described and validated clear SW/HW interfaces for automotive redundant control systems to combine results from other related European projects (e.g. PEIT, PReVENT, AIDE, etc.).
  3. Extended this concept of heavy goods vehicle to full tractor-trailer combination.
  4. Validated the scalability of the concept by transferring it from heavy-duty trucks to small passenger cars. Four validator vehicles were built up.
  5. Ensured European technology leadership for x-by-wire vehicles.

The project successfully demonstrated the integration of several new and important control functions for higher levels of system automation, e.g. secure vector, co-pilot assistance, electromechanical wedge brakes, a fault-tolerant processing architecture, intelligent energy distribution and management. Additionally, a key success of the SPARC project was the development of a scalable platform approach which supports the Integration of X-by-Wire/DCS and active safety systems.

Technical Implications

The project has developed and demonstrated very promising strategies and paradigms which support the deployment of both: a) full closed-loop DCS technology, and b) x-by-wire subsystems and larger integrated systems.
Some of the noteworthy outputs of the SPARC project include:

  • The Integration of new and innovative hardware and software subsystems e.g. x-by-wire.
  • A layered open software architecture which incorporates redundancy management.
  • A number of technology demonstration vehicles based on the ACTROS and SMART platforms.
  • Validation of the concepts within the SPARC project.

As part of the final reviewing process several of the concepts and systems developed within the SPARC project were demonstrated. The demonstrations involving the prototype vehicles: ACTROS (HGV with/without tailor) and the SMART (sPC coupe), and included a split-µ braking demonstration, emergency braking, Lane detection and co-pilot Operation.

Policy implications

There are no direct policy implications.
However, the work on the homologation within the project can be used as base for the homologation in other x-by-wire projects.

Partners

Lead Organisation
Organisation
Daimler Ag
Address
Mercedesstrasse, 70327 Stuttgart, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€1 771 833
Partner Organisations
Organisation
Engineering Center Steyr Gmbh & Co Kg
Address
Steyrer Strasse 32, 4300 St. Valentin, Austria
EU Contribution
€163 000
Organisation
Eidgenoessische Technische Hochschule Zuerich
Address
Raemistrasse 101, 8092 ZUERICH, Switzerland
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Siemens Ag
Address
SIEMENSSTRASSE, 93026 REGENSBURG, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€159 894
Organisation
Vdo Automotive Ag
Address
WITTELSBACHERPLATZ 2, 80333 MUENCHEN, Germany
EU Contribution
€414 722
Organisation
Estop Engineering Gmbh & Co. Kg.
Address
AN DER HARTMUEHLE 10, 82229 SEEFELD, Germany
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Simtec, Simulation Technology Gmbh
Address
HERMANN-BLENK-STRASSE 34, 38108 BRAUNSCHWEIG, Germany
EU Contribution
€175 000
Organisation
Julius-Maximilians Universitaet Wuerzburg
Address
SANDERRING 2, 97070 WUERZBURG, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€69 000
Organisation
Haldex Brake Products Ab
Address
Instrumentgatan, 26124 Landskrona, Sweden
EU Contribution
€277 932
Organisation
Cas Muenchen Gmbh
Address
LILLIENTHALSTR. 15, 85579 Neubiberg, Germany
EU Contribution
€39 951
Organisation
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale De Lausanne
Address
Batiment Ce 3316 Station 1, 1015 LAUSANNE, Switzerland
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Austriamicrosystems Ag
Address
SCHLOSS PREMSTAETTEN, TOBELBADERSTRASSE 30, 8141 UNTERPREMSTAETTEN, Austria
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Centro Ricerche Fiat - Societa Consortile Per Azioni
Address
Strada Torino, 50, 10043 ORBASSANO (TO), Italy
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€252 000
Organisation
Deutsches Zentrum Fr Luft Und Raumfahrt E.v
Address
Linder Hoehe, 51147 KOELN, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€153 027
Organisation
Manufacture Francaise Des Pneumatiques Michelin
Address
Place Des Carmes Dechaux 23, 63040 Clermont Ferrand, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€50 000
Organisation
Continental Teves Ag & Co. Ohg
Address
GUERICKESTRASSE 7, 60488 FRANKFURT AM MAIN, Germany
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Duerr Assembly Products Gmbh
Address
KOELLNERSTRASSE 122-128, 66346 PUETTLINGEN, Germany
EU Contribution
€225 000
Organisation
Koegel Fahrzeugwerke Gmbh
Address
DAIMLERSTRASSE14, 89079 ULM, Germany
EU Contribution
€112 000
Organisation
Irion Management Consulting Gmbh
Address
Taegermoosstrasse 10, 78462 Konstanz, Germany
EU Contribution
€210 000
Organisation
Motorola Gmbh
Address
LILIENTHALSTRASSE 15, 85579 NEUBIBERG, Germany
EU Contribution
€216 041
Organisation
Knorr-Bremse Fekrendszerek Kft
Address
BUDAPEST, MAJOR UTCA 69, H-1119, Hungary
EU Contribution
€342 000
Organisation
Universitaet Paderborn
Address
Warburger Strasse 100, 33098 Paderborn, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€794 388
Organisation
Siemens Vdo Automotive
Address
1 AVENUE PAUL OURLIAC, 31036 TOULOUSE, France
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Georg Fischer Verkehrstechnik Gmbh
Address
JULIUS-BUEHRER-STRASSE 12, 78224 SINGEN, Germany
EU Contribution
€0
Organisation
Yamar Electronics Ltd
Address
Shimon Hatarsi 17, Tel Aviv 62492, Israel
EU Contribution
€178 000
Organisation
Etas Entwicklungs-Und Applikationwerkzeuge Fuer Elektronische Systeme Gmbh & Co.kg
Address
BORSIGSTRASSE 10, 70469 STUTTGART, Germany
EU Contribution
€198 000
Organisation
Freescale Halbleiter Deutschland Gmbh
Address
SCHATZBOGEN 7, 81829 MUENCHEN, Germany
EU Contribution
€117 612
Organisation
Rudolf Schadow Gmbh
Address
HOLZHAUSERSTRASSE 26-32, 13059 BERLIN, Germany
EU Contribution
€100 010
Organisation
Iq Power Deutschland Gmbh
Address
INSELKAMMERSTRASSE 2-4, 82008 UNTERHACHING, Germany
EU Contribution
€278 000
Organisation
Skf Bv
Address
Kelvinbaan 16, 3439 MT Nieuwegein, Netherlands
EU Contribution
€202 575

Technologies

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