The popularity of sea cruises is steadily increasing. Over the past 10 years, annual passenger numbers have doubled, to around 20 million passengers worldwide. Despite modern technology, accidents can still occur. Due to the increasing size of passenger ships, unresolved challenges arise in the event of an evacuation.
Within the SIREVA project, innovative concepts and technical solutions are being developed which contribute to the complete, fast and safe evacuation of passenger ships. Particular attention must be given to older and mobility-impaired persons. The results are intended to increase the safety of people on passenger ships without limiting their freedom and personality rights.
Following the project, the results will serve as the basis for the development of marketable solutions.
The evaluation of evacuations already carried out serves as the basis for the development of new strategies and technologies. This work is constantly accompanied by studies on customer acceptance and legal aspects. Based on these initial results, a holistic evacuation concept will be developed, including a technical system for decision support. In doing so, the possibility of involving an external control centre should be created. At the same time, new training and simulation concepts for evacuation processes are being researched.
This complex issue is developed interdisciplinary, in close collaboration between researchers and end users, taking into account aspects of acceptance and legal certainty.
In the SIREVA joint project funded by the BMBF, a holistic evacuation concept of passenger ships was developed with various partners from industry and science. The aim was to effectively support the evacuation process, depending on the prevailing conditions, in order to evacuate all areas as quickly as possible, to inspect the passengers completely, safely and as fast as possible, and to guide them to the available rescue facilities. The focus was on technical possibilities for the localization and automated counting of persons as well as the decision support of the crew.
The investigation of the maritime emergency management on cruise liners has already made a contribution to improving safety, in particular because of its proximity to practice: Some proposals for optimization of workflow and information processes have already been implemented by the cruise ship companies.
Findings of the study are published in detail by several final reports (German only) which are available online via the German National Library of Science and Technology (TIB):
Fraunhofer Institute for Communication, Information Processing and Ergonomics FKIE
Anforderungen an ein ganzheitliches Evakuierungskonzept für Passagierschiffe
ATS Elektronik GmbH
Technologie zur Ortung von Personen
University of Applied Sciences, Technology, Business and Design Wismar, Fachbereich Seefahrt
Experimentelle Untersuchung und Konzeptstudie Potential und Grenzen simulationsbasierter Beratungen durch ein Reedereilagezentrum
RWTH Aachen University, Institut für Arbeitswissenschaften
"Investigation of support for mobility impaired persons and technology acceptance"
INTERSCHALT Maritime Systems AG
"Evacuation relevant data and data servers"
Institut für Sicherheitstechnik/Schiffssicherheit e. V.
Maßnahmen zur sicheren Evakuierung von Passagieren unter erschwerten Bedingungen
Ausrüstungstechnik und Regelkonformität
Softwaretechnische Unterstützung der Personenverfolgung, Indoor-Navigation und der Handlungsprozesse auf Schiffen
With the support of the Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure (BMVI), the project SIREVA (focusing on the concept of electronic inspection and decision support) was presented in November 2016 at the 97th meeting of the Maritime Safety Committee of the International Maritime Organization (IMO). The goal was to pave the way for the inclusion of significant SIREVA results in international regulations.