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Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Total project cost
€242 500
EU Contribution
€181 875
Project Acronym
STRIA Roadmaps
Vehicle design and manufacturing (VDM)
Transport mode
Airborne icon
Transport policies
Societal/Economic issues,
Environmental/Emissions aspects
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport


Call for proposal
Link to CORDIS

Since the current challenge for European aerospace sector is to reduce the relative impact of aviation to balance out the effects of ever-growing needs for air transport, the Clean Sky Joint Technology Initiative was launched by European Commission in 2007 within the 7th Research Framework Programme.

In the frame of this project, the “Simplified LCA tool” topic aimed at developing a simplified LCA software tailored for the aerospace sector. To meet that demand, BIO proposed to build a modular, user-friendly, simplified LCA tool that adapts to the expertise level of each user, following 4 main stages:

  • Defining the needs and requirements as well as the relevant development option by interviewing stakeholders and designing a task force of industrials for the project;
  • Translating those elements into detailed functional specifications;
  • Developing the application;
  • Testing the application by users and ensuring a good dissemination of the tool.

This project was carried out in close coordination with the topic manager.

BIO had many assets for this project: multi-disciplinary expertise and experience in the fields of LCA, especially LCA tool development, ecodesign studies, multicriteria analyses and environmental communication. For 20 years, our methods have been acknowledged, notably by the European Union and the private sector.

We have carried out many studies for the aerospace sector: LCA of launchers for the European Space Agency, Support of Dassault Systèmes for the LCA of a business aircraft, etc.

The work delivered by BIO contributed to providing aerospace stakeholders with a single, ergonomic and efficient tool. This interface will guarantee users a comprehensive and quick understanding of Life Cycle Thinking to promote a sustainable and reliable approach of LCA in Europe, which may contribute to fostering eco-design in the EU, and therefore to giving the European aerospace sector a new opportunity for differentiation, efficiency and competitiveness.


Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
European Commission
Type of funding
Public (EU)
Specific funding programme
JTI-CS - Joint Technology Initiatives - Clean Sky
Other Programme
JTI-CS-2011-1-ECO-01-024 Simplified LCA Tool development


Executive Summary:

This project was part of Eco-Design for Airframe (EDA), included in the Clean Sky Eco-Design ITD (Integrated Technology Demonstrator). Its main objective was to develop a tool based on a simplified life-cycle assessment (LCA) methodology defined by the topic manager (Airbus) and improved within the project to perform simplified Eco-Statements for aerospace industries and provide support for the ecodesign of airframes.

LEAF was developed with the aim to ease access of the European aeronautical industry to LCA and ecodesign by:

  • Building on a simplified and operational environmental assessment methodology. This methodology, based on the main principles of ISO14040-14044 norms on LCA, had been originally developed by Airbus and already tested internally: it proved operational and efficient. BIO and Airbus worked together on enhancing the methodology, making it even more robust; while keeping its practicability intact.
  • Delivering a free, Excel-based autonomous application with an intuitive interface and operational and easy-to-understand results. While the software tool is very easy to use, a user’s guide was still developed to ensure that all the information contained in the tool and its methodology are well understood.

This project was performed by Airbus and BIO Intelligence Service which gathered their experience and expertise to combine robustness and efficiency. Also, attention was paid to keep the tool updatable and upgradable, i.e. able to receive new features or new data (developed e.g. in the frame of EDA) by keeping the structure of the tool flexible and providing the necessary documentation for future upgrades.

A comprehensive documentation package was provided.

Also, a full dissemination package was developed to ensure an optimised deployment of the application throughout the European aerospace industry.


Lead Organisation
Bio Intelligence Service
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€181 875
Partner Organisations
EU Contribution


Technology Theme
Development phase
Demonstration/prototyping/Pilot Production

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