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Specification, Implementation, Field Trial, and Standardisation of the Vehicle-2-Grid Interface

POWERUP

Specification, Implementation, Field Trial, and Standardisation of the Vehicle-2-Grid Interface
Original Language Title: 
Original language title (optional)

Call for proposal: 
FP7-2011-ICT-GC
Link to CORDIS:
Background & policy context: 

PowerUp aimed to develop the Vehicle-2-Grid (V2G) interface, involving a full development cycle of physical/link-layer specification, charging control protocol design, prototyping, conformance testing, field trials, and standardisation. Its results will ensure that EVs smoothly integrate into emerging smart-grid networks. Thereby the efficiencies resulting from robust grid operation may be achieved; V2G capabilities will smoothen the daily fluctuation of electricity demand and will enable EVs to act as emergency energy supplies. To achieve these desired results, it is essential that any electric vehicle type would be compatible with any European smart-grid network.

Objectives: 

V2G technology was developed in liaison with the ongoing ISO/IEC standardisation of the V2G interface, and it will extend existing smart-metering standards and ETSI ITS standards for vehicular communications. On the grid side, smart electric meters were enhanced for V2G capability and V2G-specific demand-balancing control algorithms were researched. The specification phase set out to synthesise requirements of both vehicle manufacturers and utility operators. The produced V2G adapter prototypes underwent conformance testing and field trials. The testing part also covered safety and security aspects. The field trial activities demonstrated end-to-end integration with the chain of smart-grid control systems. These trials were furthermore complemented by simulations of larger V2G uptake rates, which assess V2G impact on grid stability and robustness.

The validated PowerUp results were contributed into standardisation, completing the overall R&D cycle. We set out to ensure industrial consensus on V2G interface, and carefully trial V2G implementations in a realistic integrated environment. PowerUp partners are capable of follow-up project results deployment; its impact will facilitate reaching FEVs full potential economic and environmental benefits.

Institution Type:
Institution Name: 
European Commission
Type of funding:
Programme Other: 
Programme acronym or name (optional)
Other Countries: 
Other countries (optional)
Funding Source(s): 
Information about the funding institution (optional)
Key Results: 

BroadBit

  • Specification of the V2G architecture for interoperability with existing smart-grid systems
  • Specification of power re-negotiation procedures
  • Development of test cases for validating conformance and interoperability with the ISO/IEC 15118 protocols

Corinex

  • Proving that coexistence between HomePlug-GreenPhy and UPA technologies is feasible (in cooperation with Technolution)
  • Development of SNMP messages for link control (alternative to the Pilot Control Function, without the need for dedicated pilot line)
  • Development of a control unit for identifying which vehicle is connected to which charging spot (alternative to SLAC mechanism, more reliable method)
  • Development and testing of UPA modems for V2G interface, along with two types of PLC couplings and filters

CRF

  • Elaboration of V2G use cases, in line with expected customer needs
  • Automotive integration of the V2G system (focus on AC charging)
  • Development of HMI for recharging control of passenger cars and vans

Denso

  • Implementation of ISO/IEC 15118 protocols in both EVCC and EVSE sides
  • Integration with the automotive battery management system
  • Integration with the Smart Metering interface
  • Aligning V2G procedures to match automotive procedures; main investigated issues are concerning DC charging and power re-negotiation
  • The Denso implementation supports both PLC and 5.9 GHz wireless media for the V2G interface, with real-time switch-over possibility between them

ETSI

  • Development of TTCN-3 based test suite for conformance testing of ISO/IEC 15118 protocol implementations
  • Contribution to the validation of project implementations through the use of the TTCN-3 test suite

ICCS

  • EV Load Balancing algorithm development
  • Integration with the DLMS/COSEM interface for the control communications

Itron

  • Interface development between the Smart Meter and the EVSE
  • Development and standardization of EV-specific extensions to the DLMS smart-metering protocol model

Technolution

  • System integration of the implemented V2G system
  • Proving that coexistence between HomePlug-GreenPhy and UPA technologies is feasible (in cooperation with Corinex)
  • Deve
Lead Organisation: 

Broadbit Energy Technologies Sro

Address: 
Eotvosova 12
94501 Komarno
Slovakia
EU Contribution: 
€355,870
Partner Organisations: 

Volvo Bus Corporation

Address: 
Fästningsvägen 1
40508 Gothenburg
Sweden
EU Contribution: 
€220,000

Institut Europeen Des Normes De Telecommunication

Address: 
ROUTE DES LUCIOLES 650
06921 SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS
France
EU Contribution: 
€128,260

Centro Ricerche Fiat - Societa Consortile Per Azioni

Address: 
Strada Torino, 50
10043 ORBASSANO (TO)
Italy
EU Contribution: 
€170,000

Public Power Corporation

Address: 
30,Chalkokondili Street 32
10432 ATHENS
Greece
EU Contribution: 
€90,120

Corinex Communications As

Address: 
Klukata 6
82105 Bratislava
Slovakia
EU Contribution: 
€328,416

Technolution Bv

Address: 
BURGERMEESTER JAMESSINGEL 1
2803 WV GOUDA
Netherlands
EU Contribution: 
€273,634

Systema Teknolotzis Anonymi Etaireia Efarmogon Ilektronikis Kai Pliroforikis

Address: 
Thomaidou Str.
11525 Athina
Greece
EU Contribution: 
€113,735

Itron France Sas

Address: 
Avenue André Morizet
92100 Boulogne Billancourt
France
EU Contribution: 
€163,370

Institute Of Communication And Computer Systems

Address: 
Patission
10682 Athens
Greece
EU Contribution: 
€251,600

Denso Automotive Deutschland Gmbh

Address: 
Freisinger Straße
85386 Eching
Germany
EU Contribution: 
€318,510
Technologies: 
Development phase: