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TRIMIS

Towards a REgulatory FRamework for the usE of Structural new materials in railway passenger and freight CarbOdyshells.

PROJECTS
Funding
European
European Union
Duration
-
Status
Complete with results
Geo-spatial type
Other
Total project cost
€4 617 321
EU Contribution
€2 897 359
Project Acronym
REFRESCO
STRIA Roadmaps
Vehicle design and manufacturing (VDM)
Transport mode
Rail icon
Transport policies
Digitalisation
Transport sectors
Passenger transport,
Freight transport

Overview

Call for proposal
FP7-SST-2013-RTD-1
Link to CORDIS
Objectives

The transportation industry has for a long time been engaged in the application of new lightweight materials for primary structural design in an effort to develop more energy efficient structures to meet low emissions targets without compromising public safety.

This is also true for the rail industry, but the implementation of new lightweight materials has been slow, mainly due to the lack of suitable certification procedures addressing the specific operational requirements of a railway vehicle. Such procedures are necessary so that rail vehicle manufacturers and operators can be confident that rolling stock made of a new material will perform as intended and will be at least as safe as a vehicle made out of the material it replaces.

The REFRESCO project aims to achieve this goal by creating a regulatory framework for the use of new structural materials in rail car bodies. The existing certification procedures will be analysed, gaps identified and test and assessment methodologies for both isotropic and orthotropic materials will be developed. It is expected that the output from REFRESCO will accelerate the implementation of new materials in transport applications improve the competitiveness of transport industries, ensure sustainable, efficient and affordable transport services will be available and will create new skills and job opportunities through research and development in new material technologies.

Funding

Parent Programmes
Institution Type
Public institution
Institution Name
The European Commission
Type of funding
Public (EU)
Specific funding programme
FP7-TRANSPORT

Results

Wider application of new materials for lighter and greener trains

The implementation of new lightweight materials for trains has been slow due to the lack of suitable certification procedures. An EU initiative paved the way for the certification of new materials.

New materials such as composites can help to build lighter rolling stock that will consume less energy and reduce emissions. While such materials are being used in the manufacturing of rolling stock parts, there is no way to certify a rail vehicle built mostly or entirely from non-metallic materials. The existing regulatory framework must be re-examined in order for the sector to recognise what changes are needed.

With this in mind, the EU-funded http://www.refresco-project.eu/ (REFRESCO) (Towards a regulatory framework for the use of structural new materials in railway passenger and freight car body shells) project set out to provide recommendations and the information needed to adapt the regulatory framework of railway car body structures to the introduction of new materials.

Work began by benchmarking the most promising new materials available to railway and other sectors, and examining rail certification processes and standards to identify gaps which need to be filled ahead of implementing new materials.

Project partners studied fire, smoke and toxicity properties of resins, the noise, vibration and harshness of composite materials, and the advantages and disadvantages of composite materials concerning electromagnetic compatibility. They investigated existing standards, and characterised and modelled procedures for the new structural materials. This was done to understand the structural requirements for issues arising from the replacement of metal with high-performance composite materials in rail car body shells.

The REFRESCO team examined the crashworthiness of rail vehicles and parameters of the manufacturing process that influence final material properties. It proposed optimal prognostic, health management and non-destructive methods for new materials in rail car bodies.

Lastly, recommendations were proposed for modifying current railway standards in order to enable the safe introduction of new materials in train car bodies.

REFRESCO introduced a framework for the implementation of new structural materials for rolling stock. Standardisation has the potential to make the European rail industry a pioneer in using structural materials for trains.

Partners

Lead Organisation
Organisation
European Union Road Federation
Address
Avenue Louise 106, 1050 BRUXELLES, Belgium
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€300 600
Partner Organisations
Organisation
Construcciones Y Auxiliar De Ferrocarriles Investigacion Y Desarrollo Sl
Address
JOSE MIGUEL ITURRIOZ 26, 20200 BEASAIN, Spain
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€190 500
Organisation
Sncf
Address
34 Rue du Commandant René Mouchotte, 75014 PARIS, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€50 364
Organisation
Universite De Technologie De Compiegne
Address
Centre Benjamin Franklin, Rue Roger Couttolenc, 60206 Compiegne, France
EU Contribution
€161 140
Organisation
Union International Des Chemins De Fer
Address
16 rue Jean Rey, 75015 PARIS, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€55 680
Organisation
Fundacion Tecnalia Research & Innovation
Address
PARQUE CIENTIFICO Y TECNOLOGICO DE GIPUZKOA PASEO MIKELETEGI 2, 20009 DONOSTIA/SAN SEBASTIAN (GIPUZKOA), Spain
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€153 467
Organisation
Stadler Rail Valencia Sau
Address
C/ Mitxera 6, 46550 Albuixech, Spain
EU Contribution
€63 266
Organisation
The University Of Newcastle Upon Tyne
Address
Kensington Terrace 6, NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE, NE1 7RU, United Kingdom
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€367 669
Organisation
Ansaldo Trasporti - Sistemi Ferroviari S.p.a.
Address
Via Argine, 425, 80100 NAPOLI, Italy
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€17 950
Organisation
Patentes Talgo Sl
Address
Paseo Del Tren Talgo 2, 28290 Las Rozas De Madrid, Spain
EU Contribution
€154 994
Organisation
Deutsches Zentrum Fr Luft Und Raumfahrt E.v
Address
Linder Hoehe, 51147 KOELN, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€289 028
Organisation
Dupont De Nemours International Sarl
Address
CHEMIN DU PAVILLON 2, 1218 LE GRAND SACONNEX, Switzerland
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€41 400
Organisation
Ricardo Nederland Bv
Address
Catherijnesingel 33, 3511 GC Utrecht, Netherlands
EU Contribution
€83 936
Organisation
Airbus Defence And Space Sas
Address
51-61 Route De Verneuil, 78130 Les Mureaux, France
EU Contribution
€327 559
Organisation
Bombardier Transportation Gmbh
Address
Schoneberger Ufer 1, 10785 Berlin, Germany
EU Contribution
€165 844
Organisation
Alstom Transport Sa
Address
3 Avenue André Malraux, 92300 LAVALLOIS-PERRET, France
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€216 355
Organisation
Siemens Ag
Address
Wittelsbacherplatz 2, 80333 MUENCHEN, Germany
Organisation website
EU Contribution
€96 171
Organisation
Twi Limited
Address
Granta Park Great Abington, Cambridge, CB1 6AL, United Kingdom
EU Contribution
€161 439

Technologies

Technology Theme
Non destructive testing
Technology
Railway and rolling stock condition monitoring system
Development phase
Research/Invention

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