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Transboundary environmental impact assessment of the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link

Transboundary environmental impact assessment of the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link
Original Language Title: 
Transboundary environmental impact assessment of the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link


The Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link has a large number of both local and regional stakeholders. As a result, Femern A/S has conducted hearings and consultations, as well as supplied the local communities with information about the project in order to involve all relevant parties and stakeholders in the further development of the project. Femern A/S will continue these information activities (e.g. newsletters) while the project is being further developed.

Hearings and consultations are being performed in line with legal requirements and, in addition, other means of information have been used, including web information, local meetings and participation in conferences.

Femern A/S will further develop the monitoring programme, and the monitor-ing programme will be agreed with relevant Danish and German authorities before the start of construction.


The methodology for selecting the preferred technical solution for the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link is out-lined in Chapter 6 of the Espoo Report.
Initially four technical solutions were compared, e.g. two bridge alternatives and two tunnel alterna-tives. On the basis of these, a preferred bridge solution and a preferred tunnel solution were selected.
Subsequently, the selected bridge solution (a cable-stayed bridge) and the selected tunnel solution (an immersed tunnel) were compared with respect to a number of parameters. 

Funding Source(s): 
Danish Minister of Transport
Key Results: 

The immersed tunnel was selected by Femern A/S as the preferred technical solution.

The comparisons of alternatives were carried out based on the following factors:

  1. environment,
  2. navigational safety,
  3. safety and emergency response,
  4. technical risks,
  5. time schedule and
  6. costs.

A detailed qualitative evaluation of each factor is presented in the Espoo Report, and arguments for and against each alternative are provided.

According to German formal requirements regarding the assessment of alternatives, a weighted com-parison has been carried out by Femern A/S and is presented in the German plan approval documenta-tion (’Erläuterungsbericht’ and Allgemeinverständliche Zusammenfassung).

Despite the different presentation of the evaluation of alternatives in the Danish and German plan ap-proval documentation, the underlying analyses are identical, and the conclusions are the same.


Respondents in the Danish Espoo Consultation Process:

1 Poland Departament Ocen Oddzialywania na Srodowisko
2 Lithuania Lietuvos Respublikos Aplinkos Ministerija
3 Norway Ministry of the Environment of Norway
4 Russian Federation Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
5 Finland Miljöministeriet
6 Sweden Sveriges meterologiska och hydrologiska institut
6 Sweden Riksantikvarieämbetet
6 Sweden Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap
6 Sweden Boverket
6 Sweden Sveriges Geologiska undersökning
6 Sweden Kustbevakningen
6 Sweden Trelleborgs Kommun
6 Sweden Havs och Vattenmyndigheten
6 Sweden Sjöfartsverket
6 Sweden Trafikanalys
6 Sweden Trafikverket
6 Sweden Naturvårdsverket
7 Germany Ministerium für Energiewende, Landwirtschaft, Umwelt, und ländliche Räume des Landes Schleswig-Holstein (MELUR)
8 Germany Archäologisches Landesamt Schleswig-Holstein
9 Germany Stadt Fehmarn
10 Germany Kreis Ostholstein
11 Germany Wasser- und Schifffahrtsverwaltung des Bundes (WSV)
12 Germany Gemeinde Großenbrode, Neukirchen, Heringsdorf, Göhl, Schashagen, Altenkrempe, Sierksdorf, Scharbeutz, Timmendorfer Strand, Ratekau, Lensahn, Damlos, Beschen-dorf, Stadt Neustadt in Holstein, Stadt Oldenburg in Holstein, Stadt Bad Schwartau
13 Germany Private
14 Germany Aktionsbündnis gegen eine Feste Fehmarnbeltquerung
15 Germany Aktionsbündnis gegen eine Feste Fehmarnbeltquerung
16 Germany Aktionsbündnis gegen eine Feste Fehmarnbeltquerung
17 Germany Aktionsbündnis gegen eine Feste Fehmarnbeltquerung
18 Germany Allianz gegen eine Feste Fehmarnbeltquerung
19 – 426 Germany Private
427 Germany Allianz gegen eine Feste Fehmarnbeltquerung
428 Germany Allianz gegen eine Feste Fehmarnbeltquerung
429 Germany NABU, Wasservogelreservat Wallnau
430 Germany Der Ministerpräsident des Landes Schleswig-Holstein, Staatskanzlei

Danish Transport Authority
Edvard Thomsens Vej 14
DK - 2300
Copenhagen S
Contact country:
(+45) 7221 8800
Fax Number: 
(+45) 7262 6790