The introduction of congestion charges can be an effective policy to guide the choice of individuals moving (choice of transport mode, travel schedules, routes, ...) in order to reduce congestion in car traffic and allow significant increase in travel by public transport. That is why pricing of traffic modes/traveled kilometers has been discussed for years. The project analyses the effectiveness of the urban transport tolls and tries to answer the question of its acceptability and fairness.
The objectives of the project are the following:
- Analysis of theoretic literature about urban transport tolls: What is their impact on users’ transport mode choices (time, transport mode, itinerary)?
- Analysis of impacts of road pricing on public opinion and implementation of redistribution policies for collected fees.
- Collection and analysis of various experiences world-wide in the field of efficiency of different pricing types, with special consideration for Switzerland.
The purpose of the project is to study congestions in urban areas which is the main cause of time loss and energy waste of motorists; and it will report on optimal policies regulating traffic. Through the analysis of theoretical literature on the subject, we will review the concept of congestion pricing to reduce congestion.
These theoretical contributions are completed by some examples of urban tolls implementation in the world. Thus the behavior of users and analyses of the degree of acceptability of such a policy (particular application to Switzerland) will be provided.
The main output is the final report which includes literature survey of the congestion charges used in the world supplemented by best practicies in the field of urban tolls implementation (San Diego, Orange County, Singapore, ...).
The project can provide support for decisionmaking on tools of charging the transport modes.