According to the law in a motor vehicle equipped with safety belts, child up to 12 years, not exceeding 150 cm has to be carried in a protective car seat or other device for transporting children corresponding to the weight and height of the child and the right technical conditions.
The research aimed at, among other things, to collect data on use of safety devices for children aged 0-12 years in cars.
The survey was performed by observation from the outside. In each province measurements were provided on the roads of different categories (national highways, expressways, provincial, county), in built-up areas and outside built-up areas and in provincial cities.
Results were as follows:
The indicator of use of safety devices for children in cars amounted to 93% in 2015.
With age, the percentage of children in use of protective devices is decreasing. It was highest for children aged up to 3 years and amounted to 99%. Among children 4-7 years old it was 94% and in a large group of children 8-12 years it was just 90%.
The analysis of the collected data shows that there is no difference in the use of equipment protecting children aged 0-12 years in passenger cars according to the placing the child in the vehicle. Both the front seat and the rear seat of the vehicle
93% of children were transported in safety devices.
The use of protecting devices for children, as well as the use of belts increases with the road category. The smallest children are transported in car protective seats on district roads (90%) and on national roads (87%), and most on the express roads (96%) and highways (100%).
The collected data are the base for road safety policy in Poland.