PRORA was created in 1989 with the Italian Decree 184 with the objective of stimulating the development of infrastructure and skills for research in the field of aerospace, a sector considered as strategically important on the national and international levels.
The National Operational Programme (NOP) is the instrument through which Italy implements the Cohesion Policy of the European Union in favour of disadvantaged geographical areas. The Programme, managed by MIUR, is implemented through the EU Structural and Investment Funds aimed at strengthening the
The instrument that identifies strategies and priorities for Italy’s research system is the National Research Programme (NRP). The goal is to ensure the coordination of research with other national policies and to align the Country with the strategic vision at European level, while promoting the
The National Operational Programme for "Research and Competitiveness" 2007-2013 (NOP for R&C) is Italy's means of contributing towards the development of a European Union Cohesion Policy for Italy's least-favoured regions. In this regard, Italy and the European Union have agreed that a significant
In 2001, the need for long-term policy-oriented research to support the activities of the Flemish Government became apparent. As a result, 12 Flemish Research Groups consisting of one or more universities or research organisations performing long-term research were established. The aim of these
Estonia's transport sector consists of railway, road, maritime, waterways and air transport, as well as pipeline transport and urban electric transport. The communications system consists of postal services and telecommunications.The share of transport and communications sector in GDP accounts for
SSD is the continuation of the first and second Scientific Support Plans for a Sustainable Development Policy (SPSD I [1996-2001] and SPSD II [2000-2005]).SSD was approved by the Council of Ministers in March 2005 and covers a wide range of scientific research (not only transport). Compared to SPSD