PRORA was created in 1989 with the Italian Decree 184 with the objective of stimulating the development of infrastructure and skills for research in the field of aerospace, a sector considered as strategically important on the national and international levels.
The National Operational Programme (NOP) is the instrument through which Italy implements the Cohesion Policy of the European Union in favour of disadvantaged geographical areas. The Programme, managed by MIUR, is implemented through the EU Structural and Investment Funds aimed at strengthening the
The instrument that identifies strategies and priorities for Italy’s research system is the National Research Programme (NRP). The goal is to ensure the coordination of research with other national policies and to align the Country with the strategic vision at European level, while promoting the
Analyses of the situation in the area of science and economy covered by the Programme found out:
There is an opportunity to increase the efficiency of research results in practice especially with regarding to the fact that the projects carried out by individual research units have a narrow range
INNOTECH is a support programme of science and enterprise in the implementation of innovative projects in various fields of science and industries, with particular reference to the area of advanced technologies.
There was a need of increase of the share of high-tech products in the income structure
The National Operational Programme for "Research and Competitiveness" 2007-2013 (NOP for R&C) is Italy's means of contributing towards the development of a European Union Cohesion Policy for Italy's least-favoured regions. In this regard, Italy and the European Union have agreed that a significant
The Foresight method has been successfully applied by the majority of European Union countries. A key element of this method is to predict the possible directions of scientific development by creating a platform of discussion and cooperation between scientific environment, industry and public
Since 1991, the State Committee for Scientific Research (KBN) has been acting as a ministerial-level institution in Poland, responsible for the development and realisation of R&D policy and for supporting the transition process in Poland. As such it was the major central governmental source of funds
The portal RicercheTrasporti.it is managed by TRT Trasporti e Territorio, a private consultancy specialised in economics, transport planning and models, providing services and carrying out research activities in quantitative analysis, planning and economic evaluation of transport and land use
The Ministry of Education University and Research co-finances research programmes of national relevance proposed by the universities. In the past there was the instrument called shortly '40%' where the Ministry funded 40% of the costs of projects proposed by universities. The '40%' instrument has