The VBD programme (Villes et Bâtiments Durables) aims at exploring the changing attitude of cities and to transform what is perceived as an environmental burden into an asset, while ensuring the economic viability and social cohesion. VDB is focused on the sustainability of settings and places of
The Sustainable Transport and Mobility Programme (TDM) is the evolution of the Land Transport Development Programme from 2011 (TTD). The programme changed its name in 2012, since then it covers not only the development of all land transports but also air fields and naval topics. The precursor of
The GRRT was set up officially in 1983 to develop research and automated systems in transport. Its aim is to stimulate co-operation between the universities of Lille and Valenciennes, the Institute of transport research (Institut de recherche sur les transports) and the public organisation of
IERSET was a co-operative research institute created by companies and research centres to develop research and activities around one theme: communication systems and on-board systems for different means of transport. In 2006, IERSET merged with an association called ADERMIP. The result is a new
The programme is based on results of monitoring road conditions. The following parameters are included: international roughness index, depth of ruts, calculated damage value, and bearing capacity. The actual condition of each road section is determined using limit values of the above-mentioned
For the last 30 years, mobility and transport have increased significantly. Regarding safety, significant improvements have been made in past years, as the scope for improvement was great. Today, this scope is very narrow and traffic continues to increase whilst social pressure for road safety is
Freight transport continues to increase and raises numerous questions on future congestion, accident blackspots, environmental effects, etc. Following results from the preceding Predit 2 programme and the European White Paper on Transport, in order to properly tackle this problem, transport policy
The use of new information and communication systems in land transport will play an important role in several fields: safety, environment, traffic management, traveller information, etc. New devices/tools based on these systems can be developed, such as guided brakes, GPS driving assistance, etc.