PRORA was created in 1989 with the Italian Decree 184 with the objective of stimulating the development of infrastructure and skills for research in the field of aerospace, a sector considered as strategically important on the national and international levels.
The National Operational Programme (NOP) is the instrument through which Italy implements the Cohesion Policy of the European Union in favour of disadvantaged geographical areas. The Programme, managed by MIUR, is implemented through the EU Structural and Investment Funds aimed at strengthening the
The instrument that identifies strategies and priorities for Italy’s research system is the National Research Programme (NRP). The goal is to ensure the coordination of research with other national policies and to align the Country with the strategic vision at European level, while promoting the
Two national funding instruments terminate in 2016: targeted financing of research topics and the Estonian Science Foundation (ETF) grants. Newly the Estonian Research Council (ETAg) is to finance national basic and applied research and researcher mobility.
The National Operational Programme for "Research and Competitiveness" 2007-2013 (NOP for R&C) is Italy's means of contributing towards the development of a European Union Cohesion Policy for Italy's least-favoured regions. In this regard, Italy and the European Union have agreed that a significant
The Ministry of Economy and Finance carries out research related to the areas of economy, technology, society and transport. Via wide-ranging collaboration between university institutes, state agencies and research centres efforts are being made to connect knowledge with the productive aspects of
The Ministry of Mercantile Marine is an administrative body that accumulates valuable maritime expertise, skills and know-how, as a large number of its staff deals exclusively with issues about shipping policy, safety of navigation, research, maritime traffic management, merchant ships' inspection
Research undertaken by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications covers all areas of transport and in particular the organisation, operation, planning and development of infrastructure, and standardisation, economic analysis, management, vehicle technology, and impact assessment of land