PRORA was created in 1989 with the Italian Decree 184 with the objective of stimulating the development of infrastructure and skills for research in the field of aerospace, a sector considered as strategically important on the national and international levels.
The National Operational Programme (NOP) is the instrument through which Italy implements the Cohesion Policy of the European Union in favour of disadvantaged geographical areas. The Programme, managed by MIUR, is implemented through the EU Structural and Investment Funds aimed at strengthening the
The instrument that identifies strategies and priorities for Italy’s research system is the National Research Programme (NRP). The goal is to ensure the coordination of research with other national policies and to align the Country with the strategic vision at European level, while promoting the
The programme aims to promote awareness, enhance competitiveness and greater use of intellectual property protection toolkit to ensure domestic enterprises and research institutions about its functioning of the market and R & D & I activity funds. The increase of foreign industrial property
Two national funding instruments terminate in 2016: targeted financing of research topics and the Estonian Science Foundation (ETF) grants. Newly the Estonian Research Council (ETAg) is to finance national basic and applied research and researcher mobility.
The National Operational Programme for "Research and Competitiveness" 2007-2013 (NOP for R&C) is Italy's means of contributing towards the development of a European Union Cohesion Policy for Italy's least-favoured regions. In this regard, Italy and the European Union have agreed that a significant
The Ministry for Urban Development and Roads is responsible for the following transport related authorities in Malta:- Coordination of Urban Development Projects- Malta Transport Authority (MTA). The MTA was set up in 2001 in order to improve co-ordination between the transport sectors.
The Ministry for Competitiveness and Communications is responsible for the following transport related authorities in Malta:- Civil Aviation- Malta Maritime Authority. The Ministry’s responsibilities were assigned to "Ministry for Infrastructure Transport and Communications"(MITC).