PRORA was created in 1989 with the Italian Decree 184 with the objective of stimulating the development of infrastructure and skills for research in the field of aerospace, a sector considered as strategically important on the national and international levels.
The National Operational Programme (NOP) is the instrument through which Italy implements the Cohesion Policy of the European Union in favour of disadvantaged geographical areas. The Programme, managed by MIUR, is implemented through the EU Structural and Investment Funds aimed at strengthening the
The instrument that identifies strategies and priorities for Italy’s research system is the National Research Programme (NRP). The goal is to ensure the coordination of research with other national policies and to align the Country with the strategic vision at European level, while promoting the
Two national funding instruments terminate in 2016: targeted financing of research topics and the Estonian Science Foundation (ETF) grants. Newly the Estonian Research Council (ETAg) is to finance national basic and applied research and researcher mobility.
The National Operational Programme for "Research and Competitiveness" 2007-2013 (NOP for R&C) is Italy's means of contributing towards the development of a European Union Cohesion Policy for Italy's least-favoured regions. In this regard, Italy and the European Union have agreed that a significant
The Technology Agency of the Czech Republic is an organisational unit of the state that was founded in 2009 by the Act No. 130/2002 Coll. on the support of research, experimental development and innovation. The creation of TA CR is one of the cornerstones of the fundamental reforms in research and
The Technology Agency of the Czech Republic is an organisational unit of the state that was founded in 2009 by the Act No. 130/2002 Coll. to support research, experimental development and innovation. The creation of TA CR is one of the cornerstones of the fundamental reforms in research and
The programme should increase security of inhabitants, and prevent extraordinary and crisis situations. A part of the programme is focured on provision of security of (transport, energy, etc.) infrastructures and modeling possible future crisis scenarios.